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Open AccessReview

Rheological Issues in Carbon-Based Inks for Additive Manufacturing

Department of Physics, and Bernal Institute, University of Limerick, National Technological Park, Limerick V94 T9PX, Ireland
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Micromachines 2019, 10(2), 99;
Received: 17 December 2018 / Revised: 25 January 2019 / Accepted: 27 January 2019 / Published: 29 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon Based Electronic Devices)
PDF [1742 KB, uploaded 14 February 2019]


As the industry and commercial market move towards the optimization of printing and additive manufacturing, it becomes important to understand how to obtain the most from the materials while maintaining the ability to print complex geometries effectively. Combining such a manufacturing method with advanced carbon materials, such as Graphene, Carbon Nanotubes, and Carbon fibers, with their mechanical and conductive properties, delivers a cutting-edge combination of low-cost conductive products. Through the process of printing the effectiveness of these properties decreases. Thorough optimization is required to determine the idealized ink functional and flow properties to ensure maximum printability and functionalities offered by carbon nanoforms. The optimization of these properties then is limited by the printability. By determining the physical properties of printability and flow properties of the inks, calculated compromises can be made for the ink design. In this review we have discussed the connection between the rheology of carbon-based inks and the methodologies for maintaining the maximum pristine carbon material properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon Inks; rheology; additive manufacturing; graphene; carbon nanotubes; printing carbon Inks; rheology; additive manufacturing; graphene; carbon nanotubes; printing

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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O’ Mahony, C.; Haq, E.U.; Silien, C.; Tofail, S.A.M. Rheological Issues in Carbon-Based Inks for Additive Manufacturing. Micromachines 2019, 10, 99.

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