Next Article in Journal
A Comparison of Methods to Measure the Coupling Coefficient of Electromagnetic Vibration Energy Harvesters
Previous Article in Journal
Numerical Analysis and Experimental Study on Fabrication of High Aspect Ratio Tapered Ultrafine Holes by Over-Growth Electroforming Process
Previous Article in Special Issue
Three-Dimensional Printed Devices in Droplet Microfluidics
Open AccessReview

3D-Printed Lab-on-a-Chip Diagnostic Systems-Developing a Safe-by-Design Manufacturing Approach

Innovation in Research & Engineering Solutions (IRES), Boulevard Edmond Machtens 79/22, 1080 Brussels, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Micromachines 2019, 10(12), 825; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi10120825
Received: 31 October 2019 / Revised: 13 November 2019 / Accepted: 25 November 2019 / Published: 28 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 3D Printed Microfluidic Devices and Its Applications)
The aim of this study is to provide a detailed strategy for Safe-by-Design (SbD) 3D-printed lab-on-a-chip (LOC) device manufacturing, using Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) technology. First, the applicability of FFF in lab-on-a-chip device development is briefly discussed. Subsequently, a methodology to categorize, identify and implement SbD measures for FFF is suggested. Furthermore, the most crucial health risks involved in FFF processes are examined, placing the focus on the examination of ultrafine particle (UFP) and Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) emission hazards. Thus, a SbD scheme for lab-on-a-chip manufacturing is provided, while also taking into account process optimization for obtaining satisfactory printed LOC quality. This work can serve as a guideline for the effective application of FFF technology for lab-on-a-chip manufacturing through the safest applicable way, towards a continuous effort to support sustainable development of lab-on-a-chip devices through cost-effective means.
Keywords: 3D printing; lab-on-a-chip; Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF); safe-by-design; exposure assessment 3D printing; lab-on-a-chip; Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF); safe-by-design; exposure assessment
MDPI and ACS Style

Karayannis, P.; Petrakli, F.; Gkika, A.; Koumoulos, E.P. 3D-Printed Lab-on-a-Chip Diagnostic Systems-Developing a Safe-by-Design Manufacturing Approach. Micromachines 2019, 10, 825.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop