Next Article in Journal
Biomimetic Tactile Sensors with Bilayer Fingerprint Ridges Demonstrating Texture Recognition
Previous Article in Journal
Reducing the Nano-Scale Aggregation of Perylene Diimide Based Acceptor by Conjugating a Bridge with a Large Volume
Open AccessArticle

Thermal Layout Analysis and Design of Direct Methanol Fuel Cells on PCB Based on Novel Particle Swarm Optimization

College of Information Science and Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Micromachines 2019, 10(10), 641; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi10100641
Received: 3 September 2019 / Revised: 20 September 2019 / Accepted: 21 September 2019 / Published: 24 September 2019
As a new energy technology, the fuel cell has developed rapidly, and its performance has been continuously improved. Fuel cell stacks composed of multiple single cells are gradually being used in portable electronic products. Since the performance of fuel cells cannot be optimal at room temperature, it is critical to research cell temperature characteristics and heat distributions in applications. In this paper, the effects of temperature and charge transfer coefficient and the relationship between exchange current density and output voltage were analyzed by the mathematical model of direct methanol fuel cells. Moreover, to optimize the thermal layout of the fuel cell stack in the printed circuit board (PCB) substrate, the idea of a fuel cell as a device was proposed innovatively, and the corresponding thermal optimization strategy was analyzed. A novel particle swarm optimization algorithm was used to detect the optimal layout of fuel cells of different specifications on the same substrate. The three-dimensional thermal simulation model was used to obtain the temperature data and verify the optimization results. View Full-Text
Keywords: fuel cells; thermal layout optimization; particle swarm optimization; charge transfer coefficient fuel cells; thermal layout optimization; particle swarm optimization; charge transfer coefficient
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Yuan, Z.; Chuai, W.; Guo, Z.; Tu, Z.; Kong, F. Thermal Layout Analysis and Design of Direct Methanol Fuel Cells on PCB Based on Novel Particle Swarm Optimization. Micromachines 2019, 10, 641.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop