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Toxins 2016, 8(8), 229;

Purification and Characterization of a Novel Kazal-Type Trypsin Inhibitor from the Leech of Hirudinaria manillensis

Department of Endocrine and breast Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China
Key Laboratory of Animal Models and Human Disease Mechanisms of Chinese Academy of Sciences & Yunnan Province, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Kunming 650223, China
Life Sciences College, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
Sino-Africa Joint Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Kunming 650223, Yunnan, China
Institute of Primate Research, P.O Box 24481, Nairobi, Kenya
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andreimar M. Soares
Received: 14 April 2016 / Revised: 11 July 2016 / Accepted: 18 July 2016 / Published: 23 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Venoms)
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Kazal-type serine proteinase inhibitors are found in a large number of living organisms and play crucial roles in various biological and physiological processes. Although some Kazal-type serine protease inhibitors have been identified in leeches, none has been reported from Hirudinaria manillensis, which is a medically important leech. In this study, a novel Kazal-type trypsin inhibitor was isolated from leech H. manillensis, purified and named as bdellin-HM based on the sequence similarity with bdellin-KL and bdellin B-3. Structural analysis revealed that bdellin-HM was a 17,432.8 Da protein and comprised of 149 amino acid residues with six cysteines forming three intra-molecular disulfide bonds. Bdellin-HM showed similarity with the Kazal-type domain and may belong to the group of “non-classical” Kazal inhibitors according to its CysI-CysII disulfide bridge position. Bdellin-HM had no inhibitory effect on elastase, chymotrypsin, kallikrein, Factor (F) XIIa, FXIa, FXa, thrombin and plasmin, but it showed a potent ability to inhibit trypsin with an inhibition constant (Ki) of (8.12 ± 0.18) × 10−9 M. These results suggest that bdellin-HM from the leech of H. manillensis plays a potent and specific inhibitory role towards trypsin. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hirudinaria manillensis; Kazal-type trypsin inhibitor; bdellin; protease inhibitor Hirudinaria manillensis; Kazal-type trypsin inhibitor; bdellin; protease inhibitor

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lai, Y.; Li, B.; Liu, W.; Wang, G.; Du, C.; Ombati, R.; Lai, R.; Long, C.; Li, H. Purification and Characterization of a Novel Kazal-Type Trypsin Inhibitor from the Leech of Hirudinaria manillensis. Toxins 2016, 8, 229.

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