Next Article in Journal
Binding Modes of Two Scorpion Toxins to the Voltage-Gated Potassium Channel Kv1.3 Revealed from Molecular Dynamics
Previous Article in Journal
Removal of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins by Probiotic Lactic Acid Bacteria
Previous Article in Special Issue
Comments on Environmental and Sanitary Aspects of the Scorpionism by Tityus trivittatus in Buenos Aires City, Argentina
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessEditorial
Toxins 2014, 6(7), 2137-2148;

Scorpions: A Presentation

Department RDDM, National Museum of Natural History, 57 rue Cuvier, 75005 Paris, France
Unit "Interactions Host-Pathogen", IRBA, BP 73, 91223 Brétigny-sur-Orge, France
Laboratory "Pathogeny of Bacterial Toxi-Infections", Pasteur Institute, 28 rue du Dr-Roux, 75725 Paris Cedex 15, France
Ecole du Val-de-Grâce, 1 place Alphonse Laveran, 75005 Paris, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 December 2013 / Revised: 7 July 2014 / Accepted: 8 July 2014 / Published: 21 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Scorpion Toxins 2013)
Full-Text   |   PDF [507 KB, uploaded 21 July 2014]


Scorpions, at least the species of the family Buthidæ whose venoms are better known, appear as animals that have evolved very little over time. The composition of their venoms is relatively simple as most toxins have a common structural motif that is found in other venoms from primitive species. Moreover, all the scorpion venom toxins principally act on membrane ionic channels of excitable cells. The results of recent works lead to the conclusion that in scorpions there is a close relationship between venomous function and innate immune function both remarkably efficient. View Full-Text
Keywords: scorpions; biology; venom toxins; defensins scorpions; biology; venom toxins; defensins
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Goyffon, M.; Tournier, J.-N. Scorpions: A Presentation. Toxins 2014, 6, 2137-2148.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Toxins EISSN 2072-6651 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top