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Review

Bee Venom Acupuncture Effects on Pain and Its Mechanisms: An Updated Review

by 1 and 2,*
1
Department of Policy Development, National Development Institute of Korean Medicine, Seoul 04554, Korea
2
College of Korean Medicine, Dongshin University, Naju 58245, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Irina Vetter
Toxins 2021, 13(9), 608; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13090608
Received: 31 July 2021 / Revised: 24 August 2021 / Accepted: 26 August 2021 / Published: 29 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Venom and Pain)
Bee venom (BV) is a complex natural toxin that contains various pharmaceutical compounds. Bee venom acupuncture (BVA), involving a BV injection into a certain acupuncture point, has been utilized to relieve a range of pain conditions. Regardless of whether pain is caused by disease or injury, if not effectively treated, pain can exert a detrimental effect on all aspects of life. In the past decade, many researchers have investigated the anti-nociceptive effects of BVA through clinical use and experimental evaluation. This report reviews the existing knowledge on the analgesic effects of BVA, focusing on musculoskeletal pain, inflammatory pain and neuropathic pain, and its analgesic mechanisms. Although further clinical trials are needed to clinical application of experimental results, this review will contribute to the standardization and generalization of BVA. View Full-Text
Keywords: bee venom; bee venom acupuncture; musculoskeletal pain; inflammatory pain; neuropathic pain; traditional; complementary and alternative medicine bee venom; bee venom acupuncture; musculoskeletal pain; inflammatory pain; neuropathic pain; traditional; complementary and alternative medicine
MDPI and ACS Style

Sung, S.-H.; Lee, G. Bee Venom Acupuncture Effects on Pain and Its Mechanisms: An Updated Review. Toxins 2021, 13, 608. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13090608

AMA Style

Sung S-H, Lee G. Bee Venom Acupuncture Effects on Pain and Its Mechanisms: An Updated Review. Toxins. 2021; 13(9):608. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13090608

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sung, Soo-Hyun, and Gihyun Lee. 2021. "Bee Venom Acupuncture Effects on Pain and Its Mechanisms: An Updated Review" Toxins 13, no. 9: 608. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13090608

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