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Mycotoxin and Gut Microbiota Interactions

Feedborne Mycotoxins Beauvericin and Enniatins and Livestock Animals

Department of Animal Breeding, Animal Nutrition and Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 61242 Brno, Czech Republic
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, 61137 Brno, Czech Republic
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2021, 13(1), 32;
Received: 7 December 2020 / Revised: 28 December 2020 / Accepted: 30 December 2020 / Published: 5 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Mutual Interaction between Mycotoxins and Gut Microbiome)
Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by several species of fungi, including the Fusarium, Aspergillus, and Penicillium species. Currently, more than 300 structurally diverse mycotoxins are known, including a group called minor mycotoxins, namely enniatins, beauvericin, and fusaproliferin. Beauvericin and enniatins possess a variety of biological activities. Their antimicrobial, antibiotic, or ionoforic activities have been proven and according to various bioassays, they are believed to be toxic. They are mainly found in cereal grains and their products, but they have also been detected in forage feedstuff. Mycotoxins in feedstuffs of livestock animals are of dual concern. First one relates to the safety of animal-derived food. Based on the available data, the carry-over of minor mycotoxins from feed to edible animal tissues is possible. The second concern relates to detrimental effects of mycotoxins on animal health and performance. This review aims to summarize current knowledge on the relation of minor mycotoxins to livestock animals. View Full-Text
Keywords: beauvericin; enniatins; minor mycotoxins; feed; metabolism; carry-over beauvericin; enniatins; minor mycotoxins; feed; metabolism; carry-over
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MDPI and ACS Style

Křížová, L.; Dadáková, K.; Dvořáčková, M.; Kašparovský, T. Feedborne Mycotoxins Beauvericin and Enniatins and Livestock Animals. Toxins 2021, 13, 32.

AMA Style

Křížová L, Dadáková K, Dvořáčková M, Kašparovský T. Feedborne Mycotoxins Beauvericin and Enniatins and Livestock Animals. Toxins. 2021; 13(1):32.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Křížová, Ludmila, Kateřina Dadáková, Michaela Dvořáčková, and Tomáš Kašparovský. 2021. "Feedborne Mycotoxins Beauvericin and Enniatins and Livestock Animals" Toxins 13, no. 1: 32.

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