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Allergy—A New Role for T Cell Superantigens of Staphylococcus aureus?
Open AccessReview

Epidemiological and Clinical Evidence for the Role of Toxins in S. aureus Human Disease

by Monique R. Bennett 1,2,3 and Isaac P. Thomsen 1,2,3,*
Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
Vanderbilt Vaccine Research Program, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
Vanderbilt Institute for Infection, Immunology and Inflammation, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2020, 12(6), 408;
Received: 1 June 2020 / Revised: 12 June 2020 / Accepted: 15 June 2020 / Published: 19 June 2020
Staphylococcus aureus asymptomatically colonizes approximately 30–50% of the population and is a leading cause of bacteremia, bone/joint infections, and skin infections in the US. S. aureus has become a major public health threat due to antibiotic resistance and an increasing number of failed vaccine attempts. To develop new anti-staphylococcal preventive therapies, it will take a more thorough understanding of the current role S. aureus virulence factors play in contributing to human disease. This review focuses on the clinical association of individual toxins with S. aureus infection as well as attempted treatment options. Further understanding of these associations will increase understanding of toxins and their importance to S. aureus pathogenesis. View Full-Text
Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus; toxins; vaccines; monoclonal antibodies Staphylococcus aureus; toxins; vaccines; monoclonal antibodies
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Bennett, M.R.; Thomsen, I.P. Epidemiological and Clinical Evidence for the Role of Toxins in S. aureus Human Disease. Toxins 2020, 12, 408.

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