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Ciguatera Fish Poisoning: The Risk from an Aotearoa/New Zealand Perspective

1
Cawthron Institute, Halifax Street Campus, Private Bag 2, Nelson 7042, New Zealand
2
AgResearch Limited, Ruakura Research Centre, Private Bag 3123, Hamilton 3240, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2020, 12(1), 50; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins12010050
Received: 16 December 2019 / Revised: 7 January 2020 / Accepted: 10 January 2020 / Published: 15 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dinoflagellate Toxins)
Gambierdiscus and Fukuyoa species have been identified in Aotearoa/New Zealand’s coastal waters and G. polynesiensis, a known producer of ciguatoxins, has been isolated from Rangitāhua/Kermadec Islands (a New Zealand territory). The warming of the Tasman Sea and the waters around New Zealand’s northern subtropical coastline heighten the risk of Gambierdiscus proliferating in New Zealand. If this occurs, the risk of ciguatera fish poisoning due to consumption of locally caught fish will increase. Research, including the development and testing of sampling methods, molecular assays, and chemical and toxicity tests, will continue. Reliable monitoring strategies are important to manage and mitigate the risk posed by this emerging threat. The research approaches that have been made, many of which will continue, are summarised in this review. View Full-Text
Keywords: ciguatera fish poisoning; ciguatoxins; maitotoxins; Gambierdiscus; Fukuyoa; Aotearoa; New Zealand; Rangitāhua; Kermadec Islands ciguatera fish poisoning; ciguatoxins; maitotoxins; Gambierdiscus; Fukuyoa; Aotearoa; New Zealand; Rangitāhua; Kermadec Islands
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Rhodes, L.L.; Smith, K.F.; Murray, J.S.; Nishimura, T.; Finch, S.C. Ciguatera Fish Poisoning: The Risk from an Aotearoa/New Zealand Perspective. Toxins 2020, 12, 50.

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