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Toxins 2019, 11(4), 216; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins11040216

Antimicrobial and Antibiofilm Effects of Peptides from Venom of Social Wasp and Scorpion on Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii

1
Laboratory of Immunopathology of infectious diseases, Department of Immunology, Institute of Tropical Pathology and Public Health, Federal University of Goiás, Rua 235, Goiania, 74605-050 Goiás, Brazil
2
Laboratory of Neuropharmacology, Department of Physiological Sciences, Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Brasília, 70910-900 Brasilia, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 March 2019 / Revised: 28 March 2019 / Accepted: 4 April 2019 / Published: 10 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Arthropod Venom Components and their Potential Usage)
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Abstract

Intravascular stent infection is a rare complication with a high morbidity and high mortality; bacteria from the hospital environment form biofilms and are often multidrug-resistant (MDR). Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have been considered as alternatives to bacterial infection treatment. We analyzed the formation of the bacterial biofilm on the vascular stents and also tested the inhibition of this biofilm by AMPs to be used as treatment or coating. Antimicrobial activity and antibiofilm were tested with wasp (Agelaia-MPI, Polybia-MPII, Polydim-I) and scorpion (Con10 and NDBP5.8) AMPs against Acinetobacter baumannii clinical strains. A. baumannii formed a biofilm on the vascular stent. Agelaia-MPI and Polybia-MPII inhibited biofilm formation with bacterial cell wall degradation. Coating biofilms with polyethylene glycol (PEG 400) and Agelaia-MPI reduced 90% of A. baumannii adhesion on stents. The wasp AMPs Agelaia-MPI and Polybia-MPII had better action against MDR A. baumannii adherence and biofilm formation on vascular stents, preventing its formation and treating mature biofilm when compared to the other tested peptides. View Full-Text
Keywords: AMP; mastoparan; Acinetobacter baumannii; stent AMP; mastoparan; Acinetobacter baumannii; stent
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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das Neves, R.C.; Mortari, M.R.; Schwartz, E.F.; Kipnis, A.; Junqueira-Kipnis, A.P. Antimicrobial and Antibiofilm Effects of Peptides from Venom of Social Wasp and Scorpion on Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii. Toxins 2019, 11, 216.

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