Syb-prII, a recombinant neurotoxic polypeptide, has analgesic effects with medicinal value. Previous experiments indicated that Syb-prII displayed strong analgesic activities. Therefore, a series of in vivo and vitro experiments were designed to investigate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties and possible mechanisms of Syb-prII. The results showed that administered Syb-prII-1 and Syb-prII-2 (0.5, 1, 2.0 mg/kg, i.v.) to mice significantly reduced the time of licking, biting, or flicking of paws in two phases in formalin-induced inflammatory nociception. Syb-prII-1 inhibited xylene-induced auricular swelling in a dose-dependent manner. The inhibitory effect of 2.0 mg/kg Syb-prII-1 on the ear swelling model was comparable to that of 200 mg/kg aspirin. In addition, the ELISA and Western blot analysis suggested that Syb-prII-1 and Syb-prII-2 may exert an analgesic effect by inhibiting the expression of Nav1.8 and the phosphorylation of ERK, JNK, and P38. Syb-prII-1 markedly suppressed the expression of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α of mice in formalin-induced inflammatory nociception. We used the patch-clamp technique and investigated the effect of Syb-prII-1 on TTX-resistant sodium channel currents in acutely isolated rat DRG neurons. The results showed that Syb-prII-1 can significantly down regulate TTX-resistant sodium channel currents. In conclusion, Syb-prII mutants may alleviate inflammatory pain by significantly inhibiting the expression of Nav1.8, mediated by the phosphorylation of MAPKs and significant inhibition of TTX-resistant sodium channel currents.
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