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Open AccessArticle

Anti-Nociceptive and Anti-Inflammation Effect Mechanisms of Mutants of Syb-prII, a Recombinant Neurotoxic Polypeptide

Department of Pharmacology, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 110016, China
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Toxins 2019, 11(12), 699; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins11120699
Received: 29 September 2019 / Revised: 14 November 2019 / Accepted: 15 November 2019 / Published: 1 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Venoms and Ion Channels)
Syb-prII, a recombinant neurotoxic polypeptide, has analgesic effects with medicinal value. Previous experiments indicated that Syb-prII displayed strong analgesic activities. Therefore, a series of in vivo and vitro experiments were designed to investigate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties and possible mechanisms of Syb-prII. The results showed that administered Syb-prII-1 and Syb-prII-2 (0.5, 1, 2.0 mg/kg, i.v.) to mice significantly reduced the time of licking, biting, or flicking of paws in two phases in formalin-induced inflammatory nociception. Syb-prII-1 inhibited xylene-induced auricular swelling in a dose-dependent manner. The inhibitory effect of 2.0 mg/kg Syb-prII-1 on the ear swelling model was comparable to that of 200 mg/kg aspirin. In addition, the ELISA and Western blot analysis suggested that Syb-prII-1 and Syb-prII-2 may exert an analgesic effect by inhibiting the expression of Nav1.8 and the phosphorylation of ERK, JNK, and P38. Syb-prII-1 markedly suppressed the expression of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α of mice in formalin-induced inflammatory nociception. We used the patch-clamp technique and investigated the effect of Syb-prII-1 on TTX-resistant sodium channel currents in acutely isolated rat DRG neurons. The results showed that Syb-prII-1 can significantly down regulate TTX-resistant sodium channel currents. In conclusion, Syb-prII mutants may alleviate inflammatory pain by significantly inhibiting the expression of Nav1.8, mediated by the phosphorylation of MAPKs and significant inhibition of TTX-resistant sodium channel currents. View Full-Text
Keywords: Syb-prII mutants; analgesia; anti-inflammation; sodium channel; MAPKs Syb-prII mutants; analgesia; anti-inflammation; sodium channel; MAPKs
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Li, C.; Ban, M.; Bai, F.; Chen, J.; Jin, X.; Song, Y. Anti-Nociceptive and Anti-Inflammation Effect Mechanisms of Mutants of Syb-prII, a Recombinant Neurotoxic Polypeptide. Toxins 2019, 11, 699.

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