Next Article in Journal
Qualitative Assay to Detect Dopamine Release by Ligand Action on Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors
Previous Article in Journal
Newly Discovered Action of HpTx3 from Venom of Heteropoda venatoria on Nav1.7 and Its Pharmacological Implications in Analgesia
Previous Article in Special Issue
Clostridium botulinum and Clostridium perfringens Occurrence in Kazakh Honey Samples
Open AccessPerspective

Biosecurity Threat Posed by Botulinum Toxin

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Gustav III:s Boulevard 40, 169 73 Solna, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2019, 11(12), 681; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins11120681
Received: 26 September 2019 / Revised: 3 November 2019 / Accepted: 13 November 2019 / Published: 20 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Challenges in Foodborne Botulism Outbreaks)
The deliberate release of biological agents with terrorist or criminal intent continues to pose concerns in the current geopolitical situation. Therefore, attention is still needed to ensure preparedness against the potential use of pathogens as unconventional weapons. Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) is one such biological threat, characterized by an extremely low lethal dose, high morbidity and mortality when appropriately disseminated, and the capacity to cause panic and social disruption. This paper addresses the risks of a potential release of the botulinum neurotoxin and summarizes the relevant aspects of the threat. View Full-Text
Keywords: botulinum; botulism; biosecurity; bioterrorism; biocrimes; poisoning. botulinum; botulism; biosecurity; bioterrorism; biocrimes; poisoning.
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Cenciarelli, O.; Riley, P.W.; Baka, A. Biosecurity Threat Posed by Botulinum Toxin. Toxins 2019, 11, 681.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop