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Biosecurity Threat Posed by Botulinum Toxin

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Gustav III:s Boulevard 40, 169 73 Solna, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2019, 11(12), 681;
Received: 26 September 2019 / Revised: 3 November 2019 / Accepted: 13 November 2019 / Published: 20 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Challenges in Foodborne Botulism Outbreaks)
The deliberate release of biological agents with terrorist or criminal intent continues to pose concerns in the current geopolitical situation. Therefore, attention is still needed to ensure preparedness against the potential use of pathogens as unconventional weapons. Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) is one such biological threat, characterized by an extremely low lethal dose, high morbidity and mortality when appropriately disseminated, and the capacity to cause panic and social disruption. This paper addresses the risks of a potential release of the botulinum neurotoxin and summarizes the relevant aspects of the threat. View Full-Text
Keywords: botulinum; botulism; biosecurity; bioterrorism; biocrimes; poisoning. botulinum; botulism; biosecurity; bioterrorism; biocrimes; poisoning.
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cenciarelli, O.; Riley, P.W.; Baka, A. Biosecurity Threat Posed by Botulinum Toxin. Toxins 2019, 11, 681.

AMA Style

Cenciarelli O, Riley PW, Baka A. Biosecurity Threat Posed by Botulinum Toxin. Toxins. 2019; 11(12):681.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cenciarelli, Orlando, Paul William Riley, and Agoritsa Baka. 2019. "Biosecurity Threat Posed by Botulinum Toxin" Toxins 11, no. 12: 681.

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