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Open AccessArticle

Choline Intake and Its Food Sources in the Diet of Romanian Kindergarten Children

Department of Community Medicine, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Victor Babes 8 Street, 400012 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2017, 9(8), 896;
Received: 22 June 2017 / Revised: 12 August 2017 / Accepted: 15 August 2017 / Published: 18 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Choline)
The objective of this study is to assess the usual intake and food sources of choline in a group of Romanian kindergarten children. A cross-sectional study was performed among 71 children aged 4–6 years from four kindergartens from Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Dietary intake data were collected by means of three-day food records. The mean (SD) daily intake of choline was 215 (32) mg/day, 22.5% of the participants fulfilling the adequate intake (AI) for children 4–6 years of age of 250 mg of choline per day. The main food sources were meat (mainly poultry), eggs, grains, cereals, and baked products (mainly bread), and dairy products (mainly milk). The results of the logistic regression analyses show that an appropriate consumption of choline/day was statistically significantly associated with the consumption of at least one egg per three days (OR = 7.5, p < 0.05), a minimum of two portions of milk or dairy products per day (500 mL milk or yoghurt, or 60 g of cheese/day) (OR = 4.4, p < 0.05), and at least one portion of meat/day (90 g/day) (OR = 14.4, p < 0.05). The results underline the need for future surveys in this field, as well as actions to encourage an appropriate diet for children, including an appropriate content of choline. View Full-Text
Keywords: choline intake; children; Romania choline intake; children; Romania
MDPI and ACS Style

Reinhard Prelicz, C.; Lotrean, L.M. Choline Intake and Its Food Sources in the Diet of Romanian Kindergarten Children. Nutrients 2017, 9, 896.

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