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Open AccessArticle

Unprocessed Meat Consumption and Incident Cardiovascular Diseases in Korean Adults: The Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES)

Department of Food and Nutrition, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 38541, Korea
Korea National Enterprise for Clinical Trials, Seoul 04143, Korea
Severance Institute for Vascular and Metabolic Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 06273, Korea
Department of Public Health Sciences, BK21PLUS Program in Embodiment: Health-Society Interaction, Graduate School, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea
Department of Food and Nutrition, Sungshin Women’s University, Seoul 01133, Korea
Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin 17104, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2017, 9(5), 498;
Received: 10 April 2017 / Revised: 11 May 2017 / Accepted: 12 May 2017 / Published: 15 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Meat Consumption and Human Health)
Meat consumption has been shown to be associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in Western societies; however, epidemiological data are limited on the Korean population. Therefore, we examined the associations between unprocessed meat consumption and CVD incidence in Korea. Data were derived from the Ansung-Ansan cohort (2001–2012), including 9370 adults (40–69 years) without CVD or cancer at baseline. Total unprocessed meat consumption was estimated as the sum of unprocessed red meat (beef, pork, and organ meat) and poultry consumption. In the fully adjusted Cox regression model, the relative risks of CVD across increasing quintiles of total unprocessed meat intake were 1.0 (reference), 0.72 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.55, 0.95), 0.57 (95% CI: 0.42, 0.78), 0.69 (95% CI: 0.51, 0.95), and 0.69 (95% CI: 0.48, 0.97), but no significant linear trend was detected (p for trend = 0.14). Frequent poultry consumption was significantly associated with a decreased CVD risk; this association showed a dose-response relationship (p for trend = 0.04). This study showed that a moderate intake of total unprocessed meat was inversely associated with CVD risk. A significant inverse association between poultry consumption and incident CVD was observed in Korean adults, requiring further confirmation in other populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: unprocessed meat; cardiovascular disease; cohort; Asian unprocessed meat; cardiovascular disease; cohort; Asian
MDPI and ACS Style

Park, K.; Son, J.; Jang, J.; Kang, R.; Chung, H.-K.; Lee, K.W.; Lee, S.-M.; Lim, H.; Shin, M.-J. Unprocessed Meat Consumption and Incident Cardiovascular Diseases in Korean Adults: The Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES). Nutrients 2017, 9, 498.

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