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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Exploring the Relationship between Body Composition and Eating Behavior Using the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) in Young New Zealand Women

1
School of Food and Nutrition, College of Health, MIFST, Massey University, Auckland 0745, New Zealand
2
CSIRO, Food and Nutrition, Adelaide 5001, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2016, 8(7), 386; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8070386
Received: 12 May 2016 / Revised: 14 June 2016 / Accepted: 20 June 2016 / Published: 23 June 2016
Obesity is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, yet is preventable. This study aimed to investigate associations between body mass index, body fat percentage and obesity-related eating behaviors. Women (n = 116; 18–44 years) were measured for height, weight and body fat using air displacement plethysmography (BodPod). Women completed the validated Three Factor Eating Questionnaire to assess their eating behaviors using Restraint, Disinhibition and Hunger eating factor categories and sub-categories. The eating behavior data were analyzed for associations with body mass index and body fat percentage, and comparisons across body mass index and body fat percentage categories (< vs. ≥25 kg/m2; < vs. ≥30%, respectively). Women had a mean (standard deviation) body mass index of 23.4 (3.5) kg/m2, and body fat percentage of 30.5 (7.6)%. Disinhibition was positively associated with both body mass index (p < 0.001) and body fat percentage (p < 0.001). Emotional Disinhibition was positively associated with body fat percentage (p < 0.028). Women with low Restraint and high Disinhibition had significantly higher body mass index and body fat percentage than women with high Restraint and low Disinhibition. Disinhibition seems likely to be an important contributor to obesity. Tailored intervention strategies focused on counteracting Disinhibition should be a key target area for managing weight/fat gain. View Full-Text
Keywords: TFEQ; eating behavior; obesity; body fat percentage; disinhibition; restraint; hunger; women; New Zealand TFEQ; eating behavior; obesity; body fat percentage; disinhibition; restraint; hunger; women; New Zealand
MDPI and ACS Style

Kruger, R.; De Bray, J.G.; Beck, K.L.; Conlon, C.A.; Stonehouse, W. Exploring the Relationship between Body Composition and Eating Behavior Using the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) in Young New Zealand Women. Nutrients 2016, 8, 386.

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