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The Economic Burden of Malnutrition in Pregnant Women and Children under 5 Years of Age in Cambodia
Correction published on 30 September 2016, see Nutrients 2016, 8(10), 459.
Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Persistent Inequalities in Child Undernutrition in Cambodia from 2000 until Today

JRU NUTRIPASS IRD-SupAgro-UM, 911 av Agropolis, Montpellier 34000, France
National Nutrition Program, Maternal and Child Health Center, No. 31A, Rue de France (St. 47), Phnom Penh 12202, Cambodia
United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund, Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and Nutrition Section, No. 11 Street 75, Phnom Penh 12202, Cambodia
ICF International, 530 Gaither Road, Suite 500, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
Department of Human Nutrition, Copenhagen University, Rolighedsvej 26, Frederiksberg 1958, Denmark
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2016, 8(5), 297;
Received: 7 January 2016 / Revised: 27 April 2016 / Accepted: 9 May 2016 / Published: 16 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrients and National Strategies to Impact Health)
The study assessed the trends of nutritional status of children under age five in Cambodia over four DHS surveys from 2000 to 2014 and the contribution of socioeconomic and demographic factors to its changes. Undernutrition was a public health problem in all surveys. Despite consistent improvement over the years, stunting still affected 32.5% of children in 2014. Wasting prevalence did not improve since 2005 and affected 9.6% of children under five in 2014. Low wealth and mother education; and rural residence contributed to undernutrition. In 2014; wealth status was the main socioeconomic factor associated with undernutrition and the nutritional status of children was strongly related to that of their mothers. Anemia prevalence was high and after a decrease between 2000 and 2005 remained at 45%. The prevalence of overweight was less than 10% and did not change over the years despite an increasing trend in the richest households of urban areas. Persistent inequalities in child undernutrition call for action, giving priority to the most vulnerable households to ensure availability and access to nutrient-rich foods for women and children through nutrition-sensitive and nutrition-specific programs. The recent increase of overweight in the richest populations must also be considered in Cambodian health policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: stunting; wasting; anemia; children; inequity; Cambodia; Southeast Asia stunting; wasting; anemia; children; inequity; Cambodia; Southeast Asia
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Greffeuille, V.; Sophonneary, P.; Laillou, A.; Gauthier, L.; Hong, R.; Hong, R.; Poirot, E.; Dijkhuizen, M.; Wieringa, F.; Berger, J. Persistent Inequalities in Child Undernutrition in Cambodia from 2000 until Today. Nutrients 2016, 8, 297.

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