Next Article in Journal
Maternal Fructose Intake Affects Transcriptome Changes and Programmed Hypertension in Offspring in Later Life
Next Article in Special Issue
Changes in Biochemical Parameters of the Calcium-Phosphorus Homeostasis in Relation to Nutritional Intake in Very-Low-Birth-Weight Infants
Previous Article in Journal
Effects of Hazelnut Consumption on Blood Lipids and Body Weight: A Systematic Review and Bayesian Meta-Analysis
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Effects of Mild Gestational Hyperglycemia on Exclusive Breastfeeding Cessation
Open AccessArticle

Breastmilk Production in the First 4 Weeks after Birth of Term Infants

School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Western Australia, Crawley 6009, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2016, 8(12), 756;
Received: 30 September 2016 / Revised: 16 November 2016 / Accepted: 21 November 2016 / Published: 25 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrients in Infancy)
Breastmilk provides the ideal nutrition for the infant, and exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first 6 months. Adequate milk production by the mother is therefore critical, and early milk production has been shown to significantly affect milk production during established lactation. Previous studies indicate that milk production should reach the lower limit of normal for established lactation (440 mL per day) by day 11 after birth. We have used test-weighing of term infants before and after each breastfeed over 24 h to measure milk production in the first 4 weeks of lactation in mothers with and without perceived breastfeeding problems to provide information on how often milk production is inadequate. Between days 11 and 13, two-thirds of the mothers had a milk production of less than 440 mL per day, and between days 14 and 28, nearly one-third of the mothers had a milk production of less than 440 mL per day. The high frequency of inadequate milk production in early lactation and the consequence of suboptimal milk production in later lactation if left untreated suggest that objective measurement of milk production can identify mothers and infants at risk and support early intervention by a lactation specialist. View Full-Text
Keywords: breastfeeding; milk production; insufficient milk breastfeeding; milk production; insufficient milk
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kent, J.C.; Gardner, H.; Geddes, D.T. Breastmilk Production in the First 4 Weeks after Birth of Term Infants. Nutrients 2016, 8, 756.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop