Liver Fatty Acid Composition and Inflammation in Mice Fed with High-Carbohydrate Diet or High-Fat Diet
AbstractBoth high-carbohydrate diet (HCD) and high-fat diet (HFD) modulate liver fat accumulation and inflammation, however, there is a lack of data on the potential contribution of carbohydrates and lipids separately. For this reason, the changes in liver fatty acid (FA) composition in male Swiss mice fed with HCD or HFD were compared, at the time points 0 (before starting the diets), and after 7, 14, 28 or 56 days. Activities of stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD-1), ∆-6 desaturase (D6D), elongases and de novo lipogenesis (DNL) were estimated. Liver mRNA expression of acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 (ACC1) was evaluated as an additional indicator of the de novo lipogenesis. Myeloperoxidase activity, nitric oxide (NO) production, and mRNA expressions of F4/80, type I collagen, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were measured as indication of the liver inflammatory state. The HCD group had more intense lipid deposition, particularly of saturated fatty acids (SFAs) and monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs). This group also showed higher DNL, SCD-1, and D6D activities associated with increased NO concentration, as well as myeloperoxidase activity. Livers from the HFD group showed higher elongase activity, stored more polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and had a lower omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid (n-6/n-3) ratio. In conclusion, liver lipid accumulation, fatty acids (FA) composition and inflammation were modulated by the dietary composition of lipids and carbohydrates. The HCD group had more potent lipogenic and inflammatory effects in comparison with HFD. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
da Silva-Santi, L.G.; Antunes, M.M.; Caparroz-Assef, S.M.; Carbonera, F.; Masi, L.N.; Curi, R.; Visentainer, J.V.; Bazotte, R.B. Liver Fatty Acid Composition and Inflammation in Mice Fed with High-Carbohydrate Diet or High-Fat Diet. Nutrients 2016, 8, 682.
da Silva-Santi LG, Antunes MM, Caparroz-Assef SM, Carbonera F, Masi LN, Curi R, Visentainer JV, Bazotte RB. Liver Fatty Acid Composition and Inflammation in Mice Fed with High-Carbohydrate Diet or High-Fat Diet. Nutrients. 2016; 8(11):682.Chicago/Turabian Style
da Silva-Santi, Lorena G.; Antunes, Marina M.; Caparroz-Assef, Silvana M.; Carbonera, Fabiana; Masi, Laureane N.; Curi, Rui; Visentainer, Jesuí V.; Bazotte, Roberto B. 2016. "Liver Fatty Acid Composition and Inflammation in Mice Fed with High-Carbohydrate Diet or High-Fat Diet." Nutrients 8, no. 11: 682.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.