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Open AccessArticle

Patterns of Sweet Taste Liking: A Pilot Study

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Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Diabetes, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Domino's Farms, Lobby G, Suite 1500, 24 Frank Lloyd Wright Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
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Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, 66 N. Pauline Street, Suite. 633, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
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Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan, Medical Professional Building, Room D3202, P.O. Box: 5718, 1522 Simpson Road East, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5718, USA
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The Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, 300 North Ingalls Street, 10th Floor, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
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Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
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Michigan Clinical Research Unit, Michigan Institute for Clinical and Health Research, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
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Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, 1000 Wall Street, Room 6108/SPC 5714, Ann Arbor, MI 48105-1912, USA
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Michigan Center for Diabetes Translational Research, 1000 Wall Street, Room 6108/SPC 5714, Ann Arbor, MI 48105-1912, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2015, 7(9), 7298-7311; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu7095336
Received: 3 April 2015 / Revised: 3 July 2015 / Accepted: 17 August 2015 / Published: 31 August 2015
Two distinct patterns of sweet taste liking have been described: one showing a peak liking response in the mid-range of sucrose concentrations and the other showing a monotonic liking response at progressively higher sucrose concentrations. Classification of these patterns has been somewhat arbitrary. In this report, we analyzed patterns of sweet taste liking in a pilot study with 26 adults including 14 women and 12 men, 32.6 ± 14.5 years of age with body mass index 26.4 ± 5.1 kg/m2 (mean ± SD). Sweet taste liking was measured for 10 levels of sucrose solutions (0.035 M to 1.346 M). Participants rated their liking of each solution using a visual analog scale with 0 indicating strongly disliking and 100 strongly liking. The cluster analysis demonstrated two distinct groups: 13 liked relatively low sucrose concentrations and liked high sucrose concentrations less, and 13 liked high sucrose concentrations greatly. If we use the 0.598 M sucrose solution alone and a cutoff liking score of 50, we can distinguish the two clusters with high sensitivity (100%) and specificity (100%). If validated in additional studies, this simple tool may help us to better understand eating behaviors and the impact of sweet taste liking on nutrition-related disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: taste; sweet taste; liking; sucrose taste; sweet taste; liking; sucrose
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Asao, K.; Miller, J.; Arcori, L.; Lumeng, J.C.; Han-Markey, T.; Herman, W.H. Patterns of Sweet Taste Liking: A Pilot Study. Nutrients 2015, 7, 7298-7311.

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