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Nutrients 2015, 7(8), 6155-6166;

Assessment of Pre-Pregnancy Dietary Intake with a Food Frequency Questionnaire in Alberta Women

Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, 4-002 Li Ka Shing Centre for Health Research Innovation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada
Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation , 3-100 University Hall, Van Vliet Complex, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H9, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 June 2015 / Revised: 30 June 2015 / Accepted: 9 July 2015 / Published: 27 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assessment of Nutrient Intakes)
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Purpose: Pre-pregnancy is an under-examined and potentially important time to optimize dietary intake to support fetal growth and development as well as maternal health. The purpose of the study was to determine the extent to which dietary intake reported by non-pregnant women is similar to pre-pregnancy dietary intake reported by pregnant women using the same assessment tool. Methods: The self-administered, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was adapted from the Canadian version of the Diet History Questionnaire, originally developed by the National Cancer Institute in the United States. Pregnant women (n = 98) completed the FFQ which assessed dietary intake for the year prior to pregnancy. Non-pregnant women (n = 103) completed the same FFQ which assessed dietary intake for the previous year. Energy, macronutrients, and key micronutrients: long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, folate, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, calcium, vitamin D and iron were examined. Results: Dietary intake between groups; reported with the FFQ; was similar except for saturated fat; trans fat; calcium; and alcohol. Pregnant women reported significantly higher intakes of saturated fat; trans fat; and calcium and lower intake of alcohol in the year prior to pregnancy compared to non-pregnant women who reported intake in the previous year. Conclusions: Despite limitations; a FFQ may be used to assist with retrospective assessment of pre-pregnancy dietary intake. View Full-Text
Keywords: pre-pregnancy; dietary intake; diet assessment; food frequency questionnaire pre-pregnancy; dietary intake; diet assessment; food frequency questionnaire
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Ramage, S.M.; McCargar, L.J.; Berglund, C.; Harber, V.; Bell, R.C.; Team, T.A.S. Assessment of Pre-Pregnancy Dietary Intake with a Food Frequency Questionnaire in Alberta Women. Nutrients 2015, 7, 6155-6166.

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