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Metabolomics to Explore Impact of Dairy Intake

1
Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Kirstinebjergvej 10, Aarslev DK-5792, Denmark
2
Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Blichers Allé 20, Tjele DK-8830, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2015, 7(6), 4875-4896; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu7064875
Received: 13 April 2015 / Revised: 25 May 2015 / Accepted: 4 June 2015 / Published: 17 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assessment of Nutrient Intakes)
Dairy products are an important component in the Western diet and represent a valuable source of nutrients for humans. However, a reliable dairy intake assessment in nutrition research is crucial to correctly elucidate the link between dairy intake and human health. Metabolomics is considered a potential tool for assessment of dietary intake instead of traditional methods, such as food frequency questionnaires, food records, and 24-h recalls. Metabolomics has been successfully applied to discriminate between consumption of different dairy products under different experimental conditions. Moreover, potential metabolites related to dairy intake were identified, although these metabolites need to be further validated in other intervention studies before they can be used as valid biomarkers of dairy consumption. Therefore, this review provides an overview of metabolomics for assessment of dairy intake in order to better clarify the role of dairy products in human nutrition and health. View Full-Text
Keywords: dairy product; casein; whey; cheese; biomarkers; compliance dairy product; casein; whey; cheese; biomarkers; compliance
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Zheng, H.; Clausen, M.R.; Dalsgaard, T.K.; Bertram, H.C. Metabolomics to Explore Impact of Dairy Intake. Nutrients 2015, 7, 4875-4896.

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