Next Article in Journal
Regulation of Calcitriol Biosynthesis and Activity: Focus on Gestational Vitamin D Deficiency and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes
Next Article in Special Issue
Fortifier and Cream Improve Fat Delivery in Continuous Enteral Infant Feeding of Breast Milk
Previous Article in Journal
An Investigation into the Association between DNA Damage and Dietary Fatty Acid in Men with Prostate Cancer
Previous Article in Special Issue
Nutritional Interventions in Head and Neck Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemoradiotherapy: A Narrative Review

Guidelines for Feeding Very Low Birth Weight Infants

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University Children's Hospital, Hamilton L8S4L8, Ontario, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2015, 7(1), 423-442;
Received: 16 November 2014 / Accepted: 19 December 2014 / Published: 8 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Enteral Nutrition)
Despite the fact that feeding a very low birth weight (VLBW) neonate is a fundamental and inevitable part of its management, this is a field which is beset with controversies. Optimal nutrition improves growth and neurological outcomes, and reduces the incidence of sepsis and possibly even retinopathy of prematurity. There is a great deal of heterogeneity of practice among neonatologists and pediatricians regarding feeding VLBW infants. A working group on feeding guidelines for VLBW infants was constituted in McMaster University, Canada. The group listed a number of important questions that had to be answered with respect to feeding VLBW infants, systematically reviewed the literature, critically appraised the level of evidence, and generated a comprehensive set of guidelines. These guidelines form the basis of this state-of-art review. The review touches upon trophic feeding, nutritional feeding, fortification, feeding in special circumstances, assessment of feed tolerance, and management of gastric residuals, gastro-esophageal reflux, and glycerin enemas. View Full-Text
Keywords: feeding; very low birth weight; neonate; review feeding; very low birth weight; neonate; review
MDPI and ACS Style

Dutta, S.; Singh, B.; Chessell, L.; Wilson, J.; Janes, M.; McDonald, K.; Shahid, S.; Gardner, V.A.; Hjartarson, A.; Purcha, M.; Watson, J.; De Boer, C.; Gaal, B.; Fusch, C. Guidelines for Feeding Very Low Birth Weight Infants. Nutrients 2015, 7, 423-442.

AMA Style

Dutta S, Singh B, Chessell L, Wilson J, Janes M, McDonald K, Shahid S, Gardner VA, Hjartarson A, Purcha M, Watson J, De Boer C, Gaal B, Fusch C. Guidelines for Feeding Very Low Birth Weight Infants. Nutrients. 2015; 7(1):423-442.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dutta, Sourabh, Balpreet Singh, Lorraine Chessell, Jennifer Wilson, Marianne Janes, Kimberley McDonald, Shaneela Shahid, Victoria A. Gardner, Aune Hjartarson, Margaret Purcha, Jennifer Watson, Chris De Boer, Barbara Gaal, and Christoph Fusch. 2015. "Guidelines for Feeding Very Low Birth Weight Infants" Nutrients 7, no. 1: 423-442.

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop