Oral Zinc Supplementation Decreases the Serum Iron Concentration in Healthy Schoolchildren: A Pilot Study
AbstractThe recognized antagonistic actions between zinc and iron prompted us to study this subject in children. A convenience sample was used. Thirty healthy children between 8 and 9 years of age were studied with the aim of establishing the effect of a 3-mo oral zinc supplementation on iron status. Fifteen individuals were given a placebo (control group), and 15 were given 10 mg Zn/day (experimental group). Blood samples were collected at 0, 60, 120, 180 and 210 min after a 12-h overnight fast, before and after placebo or zinc supplementation. This supplementation was associated with significant improvements in energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, fiber, calcium, iron, and zinc intake in accordance with the recommendations for age and sex. The basal serum zinc concentration significantly increased after oral zinc supplementation (p < 0.001). However, basal serum iron concentrations and area under the iron curves significantly decreased in the experimental group (p < 0.0001) and remained at the same level throughout the 210-min study. The values obtained for hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume, ferritin, transferrin, transferrin saturation, ceruloplasmin and total protein were within normal reference ranges. In conclusion, the decrease in serum iron was likely due to the effects of chronic zinc administration, and the decrease in serum iron was not sufficient to cause anemia. View Full-Text
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de Brito, N.J.N.; Rocha, É.D.; de Araújo Silva, A.; Costa, J.B.S.; França, M.C.; das Graças Almeida, M.; Brandão-Neto, J. Oral Zinc Supplementation Decreases the Serum Iron Concentration in Healthy Schoolchildren: A Pilot Study. Nutrients 2014, 6, 3460-3473.
de Brito NJN, Rocha ÉD, de Araújo Silva A, Costa JBS, França MC, das Graças Almeida M, Brandão-Neto J. Oral Zinc Supplementation Decreases the Serum Iron Concentration in Healthy Schoolchildren: A Pilot Study. Nutrients. 2014; 6(9):3460-3473.Chicago/Turabian Style
de Brito, Naira J.N.; Rocha, Érika D.; de Araújo Silva, Alfredo; Costa, João B.S.; França, Mardone C.; das Graças Almeida, Maria; Brandão-Neto, José. 2014. "Oral Zinc Supplementation Decreases the Serum Iron Concentration in Healthy Schoolchildren: A Pilot Study." Nutrients 6, no. 9: 3460-3473.