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Open AccessArticle

Identifying Critical Nutrient Intake in Groups at Risk of Poverty in Europe: The CHANCE Project Approach

Institute for Medical Research, Centre of Research Excellence in Nutrition and Metabolism, University of Belgrade, Tadeuša Košćuška 1, Belgrade 11000, Serbia
School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physiology, Biochemistry, Microbiology and Laboratory Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius LT-03101, Lithuania
Department of Agriculture and Food Science and Technology, University of Bologna, Piazza Goidanich 60, Cesena 47023, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2014, 6(4), 1374-1393;
Received: 10 December 2013 / Revised: 6 March 2014 / Accepted: 13 March 2014 / Published: 2 April 2014
The aim of the CHANCE project is to develop novel and affordable nutritious foods to optimize the diet and reduce the risk of diet-related diseases among groups at risk of poverty (ROP). This paper describes the methodology used in the two initial steps to accomplish the project’s objective as follows: 1. a literature review of existing data and 2. an identification of ROP groups with which to design and perform the CHANCE nutritional survey, which will supply new data that is useful for formulating the new CHANCE food. Based on the literature review, a low intake of fruit and vegetables, whole grain products, fish, energy, fiber, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B12 and C, folate, calcium, magnesium, iron, potassium and zinc and a high intake of starchy foods, processed meat and sodium were apparent. However, the available data appeared fragmented because of the different methodologies used in the studies. A more global vision of the main nutritional problems that are present among low-income people in Europe is needed, and the first step to achieve this goal is the use of common criteria to define the risk of poverty. The scoring system described here represents novel criteria for defining at-risk-of-poverty groups not only in the CHANCE-participating countries but also all over Europe. View Full-Text
Keywords: poverty; critical nutrients intake; Europe; CHANCE food poverty; critical nutrients intake; Europe; CHANCE food
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Nikolić, M.; Glibetić, M.; Gurinović, M.; Milešević, J.; Khokhar, S.; Chillo, S.; Abaravicius, J.A.; Bordoni, A.; Capozzi, F. Identifying Critical Nutrient Intake in Groups at Risk of Poverty in Europe: The CHANCE Project Approach. Nutrients 2014, 6, 1374-1393.

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