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The Concept of Intrauterine Programming and the Development of the Neonatal Microbiome in the Prevention of SARS-CoV-2 Infection

1
Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Health Sciences in Bytom, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, 41-902 Bytom, Poland
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Department of Public Health, Department of Public Health Policy, Faculty of Health Sciences in Bytom, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, 41-902 Bytom, Poland
3
Department of Human Nutrition, Department of Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences in Bytom, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, 41-808 Zabrze, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Leyuan Li, Malgorzata Muc-Wierzgon and Sandra Martin-Pelaez
Nutrients 2022, 14(9), 1702; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14091702
Received: 13 March 2022 / Revised: 7 April 2022 / Accepted: 14 April 2022 / Published: 20 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Topic Probiotics, Prebiotics and Postbiotics in Human Health)
The process of intrauterine programming is related to the quality of the microbiome formed in the fetus and the newborn. The implementation of probiotics, prebiotics, and psychobiotics shows immunomodulatory potential towards the organism, especially the microbiome of the pregnant woman and her child. Nutrigenomics, based on the observation of pregnant women and the developing fetus, makes it possible to estimate the biological effects of active dietary components on gene expression or silencing. Nutritional intervention for pregnant women should consider the nutritional status of the patient, biological markers, and the potential impact of dietary intervention on fetal physiology. The use of a holistic model of nutrition allows for appropriately targeted and effective dietary prophylaxis that can impact the physical and mental health of both the mother and the newborn. This model targets the regulation of the immune response of the pregnant woman and the newborn, considering the clinical state of the microbiota and the pathomechanism of the nervous system. Current scientific reports indicate the protective properties of immunobiotics (probiotics) about the reduction of the frequency of infections and the severity of the course of COVID-19 disease. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that intrauterine programming influences the development of the microbiome for the prevention of SARS-CoV-2 infection based on a review of research studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: microbiome; intrauterine programming; immunomodulatory factors; pregnant woman; newborn; SARS-CoV-2 microbiome; intrauterine programming; immunomodulatory factors; pregnant woman; newborn; SARS-CoV-2
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MDPI and ACS Style

Grot, M.; Krupa-Kotara, K.; Wypych-Ślusarska, A.; Grajek, M.; Białek-Dratwa, A. The Concept of Intrauterine Programming and the Development of the Neonatal Microbiome in the Prevention of SARS-CoV-2 Infection. Nutrients 2022, 14, 1702. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14091702

AMA Style

Grot M, Krupa-Kotara K, Wypych-Ślusarska A, Grajek M, Białek-Dratwa A. The Concept of Intrauterine Programming and the Development of the Neonatal Microbiome in the Prevention of SARS-CoV-2 Infection. Nutrients. 2022; 14(9):1702. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14091702

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grot, Martina, Karolina Krupa-Kotara, Agata Wypych-Ślusarska, Mateusz Grajek, and Agnieszka Białek-Dratwa. 2022. "The Concept of Intrauterine Programming and the Development of the Neonatal Microbiome in the Prevention of SARS-CoV-2 Infection" Nutrients 14, no. 9: 1702. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14091702

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