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Article

Sport Nutrition Knowledge, Attitudes, Sources of Information, and Dietary Habits of Sport-Team Athletes

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Department of Nutrition, Food Science, and Gastronomy, XIA–INSA, Faculty of Pharmacy, Campus de l’Alimentació de Torribera, University of Barcelona, Av. Prat de la Riba, 171, E-08921 Santa Coloma de Gramenet, Barcelona, Spain
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FC Barcelona Medical Services, Avda. Onze de Setembre, s/n, E-08970 Sant Joan Despí, Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrew Jagim
Nutrients 2022, 14(7), 1345; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14071345
Received: 23 February 2022 / Revised: 18 March 2022 / Accepted: 19 March 2022 / Published: 23 March 2022
Nutrition knowledge (NK) is one of several factors needed to establish proper eating habits and is especially important for athletes. The aims of this study were the following: to assess the NK of athletes from the Fútbol Club Barcelona; and to study its possible association with self-perceived level of NK, attitude towards nutrition, sources of information, and some dietary habits. We performed a cross-sectional study in two parts. First, we assessed the NK of elite athletes (n = 264) and compared it to the NK of technical teams of different sports (n = 59) and non-athletes (n = 183) of different ages and levels of education. Second, we investigated the associations between NK and other variables. To assess NK, we used a previously validated questionnaire Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire for Young and Adult Athletes (NUKYA). Athletes showed a low median score (25.1 points), similar to the scores obtained by high school students (19.5) and university Philosophy students (29.0), and significantly lower than the scores of the sports technical team (58.5, p<0.05) and final year students of Human Nutrition and Dietetics (74.6, p<0.05). Moreover, we found statistically significant associations between NK and self-perceived level of NK (n=240,ρ=0.2546,p=0.0001) intake of fruits and vegetables (n=111,ρ=0.2701,p=0.0041), and intake of discretionary food (n=111,ρ=0.2008,p=0.0001). Athletes with lower scores tended to overestimate their competence in nutrition (Dunning-Kruger effect). We concluded that NK of athletes needs to be improved through education plans that should consider aspects such as the proper selection of information resources and the importance of not consuming supplements without the adequate prescription. Incorporation of technical team and families to the education plan should be considered. View Full-Text
Keywords: sport nutrition knowledge; nutrition attitude and practices; sources of nutrition information sport nutrition knowledge; nutrition attitude and practices; sources of nutrition information
MDPI and ACS Style

Vázquez-Espino, K.; Rodas-Font, G.; Farran-Codina, A. Sport Nutrition Knowledge, Attitudes, Sources of Information, and Dietary Habits of Sport-Team Athletes. Nutrients 2022, 14, 1345. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14071345

AMA Style

Vázquez-Espino K, Rodas-Font G, Farran-Codina A. Sport Nutrition Knowledge, Attitudes, Sources of Information, and Dietary Habits of Sport-Team Athletes. Nutrients. 2022; 14(7):1345. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14071345

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vázquez-Espino, Karla, Gil Rodas-Font, and Andreu Farran-Codina. 2022. "Sport Nutrition Knowledge, Attitudes, Sources of Information, and Dietary Habits of Sport-Team Athletes" Nutrients 14, no. 7: 1345. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14071345

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