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Sports Nutrition and Food Knowledge among Malaysian University Athletes

Centre for Community Health Studies (ReaCH), Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 50300, Malaysia
Faculty of Medicine and Defence Health, National Defence University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 57000, Malaysia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrew Jagim
Nutrients 2022, 14(3), 572;
Received: 21 December 2021 / Revised: 24 January 2022 / Accepted: 25 January 2022 / Published: 28 January 2022
Sports nutrition and food knowledge can influence athletes’ dietary intake, potentially affecting athletic performance. Limited studies have been conducted to identify sports nutrition and food knowledge among Malaysian university athletes. This study aimed to determine Malaysian university athletes’ knowledge of sports nutrition and food, and their reference sources and preferred sports nutrition education programme. Seventy athletes (52.9% females, mean weight = 61.8 kg; height = 1.66 m) aged 18.5–22.4 years responded to an online survey administered using a Google Form. A score of ≥60% was considered as adequate knowledge. The average overall knowledge score was 58.6%. The highest knowledge score was for sports nutrition, specifically food intake periodicity (84.8%), while the lowest was for general food knowledge on fat (44.6%). An analysis of specific questions revealed a lack of understanding about the recommended daily intake of fruits and vegetables (only 14.3% answered correctly), the roles of vitamins and minerals in energy production (21.4%), and good sources of unsaturated fat (37.2%). The academician was the primary reference source (81%), while magazines were the least referred to sources (36%). The university athletes preferred sports camps (33%) over the other nutrition education programme options. More initiatives are needed to improve Malaysian university athletes’ understanding and knowledge of sports nutrition and general food. View Full-Text
Keywords: sports nutrition; food knowledge; university athletes; nutrition education sports nutrition; food knowledge; university athletes; nutrition education
MDPI and ACS Style

Nor Azizam, N.S.; Yusof, S.N.; Amon, J.J.; Ahmad, A.; Safii, N.S.; Jamil, N.A. Sports Nutrition and Food Knowledge among Malaysian University Athletes. Nutrients 2022, 14, 572.

AMA Style

Nor Azizam NS, Yusof SN, Amon JJ, Ahmad A, Safii NS, Jamil NA. Sports Nutrition and Food Knowledge among Malaysian University Athletes. Nutrients. 2022; 14(3):572.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nor Azizam, Nur S., Siti N. Yusof, Jonie J. Amon, Azimah Ahmad, Nik S. Safii, and Nor A. Jamil. 2022. "Sports Nutrition and Food Knowledge among Malaysian University Athletes" Nutrients 14, no. 3: 572.

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