Next Article in Journal
TRPV1-Mediated Sensing of Sodium and Osmotic Pressure in POMC Neurons in the Arcuate Nucleus of the Hypothalamus
Previous Article in Journal
Effects of Postdischarge High-Protein Oral Nutritional Supplements and Resistance Training in Malnourished Surgical Patients: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial
Previous Article in Special Issue
Adolescent Afghan Refugees Display a High Prevalence of Hyperhomocysteinemia and Associated Micronutrients Deficiencies Indicating an Enhanced Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Later Life
Article

Impact of a Farm-to-School Nutrition and Gardening Intervention for Native American Families from the FRESH Study: A Randomized Wait-List Controlled Trial

1
Center for Indigenous Health Research and Policy, Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences, Tulsa, OK 74135, USA
2
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
3
Department of Rural Health, Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences, Tulsa, OK 74135, USA
4
Osage Nation, Harvest Land, Pawhuska, OK 74056, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gulam Khandaker
Nutrients 2022, 14(13), 2601; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14132601
Received: 31 May 2022 / Revised: 21 June 2022 / Accepted: 21 June 2022 / Published: 23 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutritional Status among Vulnerable Populations)
Establishing healthy eating habits during childhood is critical to prevent chronic diseases that develop in adulthood. Tribally owned Early Childhood and Education (ECE) programs signify fundamental influence in childhood obesity disparities. A strategy to improve diet is the use of school gardens; however, few studies have used rigorous methods to assess diet and health outcomes. The purpose of this manuscript is to describe results from the six-month Food Resource Equity for Sustainable Health (FRESH) study among Native American families. We aimed to recruit 176 families of children attending Osage Nation ECE programs in four communities. Two communities received the intervention and two served as wait-list controls. Outcomes included change in dietary intake, body mass index, health status, systolic blood pressure (adults only), and food insecurity in children and parents. There were 193 children (n = 106 intervention; n = 87 control) and 170 adults (n = 93 intervention; n = 77 control) enrolled. Vegetable intake significantly increased in intervention children compared to controls for squash (p = 0.0007) and beans (p = 0.0002). Willingness to try scores increased for beans in intervention children (p = 0.049) and tomatoes in both groups (p = 0.01). FRESH is the first study to implement a farm-to-school intervention in rural, tribally owned ECEs. Future interventions that target healthy dietary intake among children should incorporate a comprehensive parent component in order to support healthy eating for all household members. View Full-Text
Keywords: Native American; American Indian; farm-to-school intervention; early childhood education programs; community-based participatory research; randomized-controlled trial Native American; American Indian; farm-to-school intervention; early childhood education programs; community-based participatory research; randomized-controlled trial
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Taniguchi, T.; Haslam, A.; Sun, W.; Sisk, M.; Hayman, J.; Jernigan, V.B.B. Impact of a Farm-to-School Nutrition and Gardening Intervention for Native American Families from the FRESH Study: A Randomized Wait-List Controlled Trial. Nutrients 2022, 14, 2601. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14132601

AMA Style

Taniguchi T, Haslam A, Sun W, Sisk M, Hayman J, Jernigan VBB. Impact of a Farm-to-School Nutrition and Gardening Intervention for Native American Families from the FRESH Study: A Randomized Wait-List Controlled Trial. Nutrients. 2022; 14(13):2601. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14132601

Chicago/Turabian Style

Taniguchi, Tori, Alyson Haslam, Wenjie Sun, Margaret Sisk, Jann Hayman, and Valarie B.B. Jernigan. 2022. "Impact of a Farm-to-School Nutrition and Gardening Intervention for Native American Families from the FRESH Study: A Randomized Wait-List Controlled Trial" Nutrients 14, no. 13: 2601. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14132601

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop