Next Article in Journal
Intakes of Folate, Vitamin B6, and Vitamin B12 in Relation to All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality: A National Population-Based Cohort
Previous Article in Journal
Efficacy of a Novel Therapeutic, Based on Natural Ingredients and Probiotics, in a Murine Model of Multiple Food Intolerance and Maldigestion
Article

Food Insecurity, Dietary Diversity, and Coping Strategies in Jordan during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, The Hashemite University, Zarqa 13133, Jordan
2
Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan
3
Science of Nutrition and Dietetics Program, College of Pharmacy, Al Ain University, Abu Dhabi 64141, United Arab Emirates
4
Faculty of Public Health, Lebanese University, Beirut 6573, Lebanon
5
PHENOL Research Group (Public HEalth Nutrition prOgram Lebanon), Faculty of Public Health, Lebanese University, Beirut 6573, Lebanon
6
Lebanese University Nutrition Surveillance Center (LUNSC), Lebanese Food Drugs and Chemical Administrations, Lebanese University, Beirut 6573, Lebanon
7
Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, World Health Organization, Cairo 7608, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael Wirth
Nutrients 2022, 14(11), 2252; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14112252
Received: 19 April 2022 / Revised: 7 May 2022 / Accepted: 24 May 2022 / Published: 27 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
The 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an emerging respiratory infection with severe impacts on the nutritional status of the worldwide population. This cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the food insecurity, dietary diversity, and food-related coping strategies in Jordan during the pandemic using an online, self-administered questionnaire. Among the 740 adults who completed the survey, the prevalence of food security was 84.1%, whereas 2% and 13.9% were moderately and severely food-insecure, respectively. The determinants of food insecurity were educational level, monthly income, marital status, availability of health insurance, and type of residence. In addition, food insecurity was significantly higher among the participants who consumed two or fewer meals per day (p = 0.015). Moreover, an acceptable food consumption score was shown among 76.2% of the participants, and the remaining participants were at borderline (14.1%) or had poor scores (9.7%), with a significant association between food insecurity and food consumption scores (p < 0.001). The food-related coping strategies studied were significantly associated with food insecurity at both levels (p < 0.001) and were more evident in the severely food-insecure group. These findings highlight the adverse effects of COVID-19 restrictions on nutritional status, especially among food-insecure households, which might reduce food accessibility due to economic difficulties. View Full-Text
Keywords: food security; food consumption; food-based coping strategies; COVID-19; Jordan food security; food consumption; food-based coping strategies; COVID-19; Jordan
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Olaimat, A.N.; Alshami, I.K.; Al Hourani, H.; Sarhan, W.; Al-Holy, M.; Abughoush, M.; Al-Awwad, N.J.; Hoteit, M.; Al-Jawaldeh, A. Food Insecurity, Dietary Diversity, and Coping Strategies in Jordan during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2022, 14, 2252. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14112252

AMA Style

Olaimat AN, Alshami IK, Al Hourani H, Sarhan W, Al-Holy M, Abughoush M, Al-Awwad NJ, Hoteit M, Al-Jawaldeh A. Food Insecurity, Dietary Diversity, and Coping Strategies in Jordan during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients. 2022; 14(11):2252. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14112252

Chicago/Turabian Style

Olaimat, Amin N., Islam K. Alshami, Huda Al Hourani, Wafaa Sarhan, Murad Al-Holy, Mahmoud Abughoush, Narmeen J. Al-Awwad, Maha Hoteit, and Ayoub Al-Jawaldeh. 2022. "Food Insecurity, Dietary Diversity, and Coping Strategies in Jordan during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study" Nutrients 14, no. 11: 2252. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14112252

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop