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Article

Association between Dietary Factors and Constipation in Adults Living in Luxembourg and Taking Part in the ORISCAV-LUX 2 Survey

Nutrition and Health Research Group, Department of Population Health, Luxembourg Institute of Health, l-1445 Strassen, Luxembourg
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Membership of ORISCAV Working Group is provided in the Acknowledgments.
Academic Editor: Usai-Satta Paolo
Nutrients 2022, 14(1), 122; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14010122
Received: 25 November 2021 / Revised: 22 December 2021 / Accepted: 23 December 2021 / Published: 28 December 2021
Constipation, a disorder of bowel movements, is among the most frequent gastrointestinal complaints in Western countries. Dietary constituents such as inadequate fiber intake have been related to constipation, but discrepancies exist in the findings regarding dietary factors. This study investigated the association between dietary patterns and bowel movements in adults living in Luxembourg. Data from 1431 participants from ORISCAV-LUX 2 (a cross-sectional survey) who completed a 174-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) were analyzed. A questionnaire-based constipation score was assessed by a validated scoring system. Confounders such as physical activity and serum/urine indicators were assessed. Women had higher constipation scores than men (p < 0.001). In food group-based regression models, a negative association was found between higher constipation score and intake of grains (Beta = −0.62, 95%CI: −1.18, −0.05) and lipid-rich foods (Beta = −0.84, 95%CI: −1.55, −0.13), while a positive association was found for sugary products (Beta = 0.54, 95%CI: 0.11, 0.97) (p < 0.05). In a nutrient-based regression model, a positive association was found between constipation score and total energy (Beta = 5.24, 95%CI: 0.37, 10.11) as well as sodium intake (Beta = 2.04, 95%CI: 0.21, 3.87), and a negative one was found for total fats (Beta = −4.17, 95%CI: −7.46, −0.89) and starch (Beta = −2.91, 95%CI: −4.47, −1.36) (p < 0.05). Interestingly, neither fruits and vegetables or dietary fiber were significantly associated with constipation. Thus, grains, lipid-rich foods, total fats and starch were associated with a lower constipation score, while sugary products, sodium, and higher energy intake were correlated with higher constipation. View Full-Text
Keywords: macronutrients; micronutrients; diarrhea; digestive diseases; food groups; colon macronutrients; micronutrients; diarrhea; digestive diseases; food groups; colon
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rollet, M.; Bohn, T.; Vahid, F.; on behalf of the ORISCAV Working Group. Association between Dietary Factors and Constipation in Adults Living in Luxembourg and Taking Part in the ORISCAV-LUX 2 Survey. Nutrients 2022, 14, 122. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14010122

AMA Style

Rollet M, Bohn T, Vahid F, on behalf of the ORISCAV Working Group. Association between Dietary Factors and Constipation in Adults Living in Luxembourg and Taking Part in the ORISCAV-LUX 2 Survey. Nutrients. 2022; 14(1):122. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14010122

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rollet, Maurane, Torsten Bohn, Farhad Vahid, and on behalf of the ORISCAV Working Group. 2022. "Association between Dietary Factors and Constipation in Adults Living in Luxembourg and Taking Part in the ORISCAV-LUX 2 Survey" Nutrients 14, no. 1: 122. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14010122

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