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Grain Intake and Human Health
 
 
Article

Quality of Life and Psychological Disorders in Coeliac Disease: A Prospective Multicentre Study

1
Unit of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Cardio-Thoraco-Vascular Sciences and Public Health, University of Padua, 35131 Padova, Italy
2
Department of Surgery, Oncology, Gastroenterology, University of Padua, 35124 Padova, Italy
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Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy Unit, ULSS 1 Dolomiti, Santa Maria del Prato Hospital, 32032 Feltre, Italy
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Gastroenterology and Endoscopy Unit, ULSS 9, 37045 Legnago, Italy
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Gastroenterology and Endoscopy Unit, San Bortolo Hospital, 36100 Vicenza, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Riccardo Caccialanza
Nutrients 2021, 13(9), 3233; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093233
Received: 18 August 2021 / Revised: 11 September 2021 / Accepted: 14 September 2021 / Published: 16 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Grain Intake and Human Health)
Coeliac disease (CeD) has been associated with psychological disorders and reduced quality of life. Our prospective study evaluated the changes in the quality of life, anxiety and depression in CeD patients up to two years after diagnosis. We recruited adult patients residing in the Veneto region with a new diagnosis of CeD. Several validated questionnaires were administered to measure quality of life, psychological symptoms and adherence to a gluten-free diet (GFD) at the time of diagnosis and after 1 and 2 years. Ninety-three patients reached the 1-year follow-up (81.7% were females with a median age at diagnosis of 35 years), and 55 patients reached the 2-year follow-up. We observed a significant improvement in quality of life, anxiety and depression scores at 1 year after diagnosis, particularly in patients who complied with a GFD. The improvements among classical CeD patients were similar to those observed in nonclassical patients except for anxiety, which improved only in patients with a classical presentation at diagnosis. Age, sex and other disease factors did not affect the change in quality of life (QoL) or other mood disorders. Most of the improvements measured 1 year after diagnosis and 2 years after diagnosis were not significant. In conclusion, QoL and mood disorders must be considered, and psychological counselling should be used when needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: celiac disease; quality of life; depression; anxiety; dietary compliance celiac disease; quality of life; depression; anxiety; dietary compliance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Canova, C.; Rosato, I.; Marsilio, I.; Valiante, F.; Zorzetto, V.; Cataudella, G.; D’Odorico, A.; Zingone, F. Quality of Life and Psychological Disorders in Coeliac Disease: A Prospective Multicentre Study. Nutrients 2021, 13, 3233. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093233

AMA Style

Canova C, Rosato I, Marsilio I, Valiante F, Zorzetto V, Cataudella G, D’Odorico A, Zingone F. Quality of Life and Psychological Disorders in Coeliac Disease: A Prospective Multicentre Study. Nutrients. 2021; 13(9):3233. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093233

Chicago/Turabian Style

Canova, Cristina, Isabella Rosato, Ilaria Marsilio, Flavio Valiante, Valerio Zorzetto, Giovanni Cataudella, Anna D’Odorico, and Fabiana Zingone. 2021. "Quality of Life and Psychological Disorders in Coeliac Disease: A Prospective Multicentre Study" Nutrients 13, no. 9: 3233. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093233

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