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The Effects of Korean Red Ginseng on Biological Aging and Antioxidant Capacity in Postmenopausal Women: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Study

1
Department of Family Medicine, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju 26426, Korea
2
Department of Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
3
Department of Health Promotion, Severance Check-Up, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul 03722, Korea
4
Department of Internal Medicine, Gangnam Severance Hospital Biomedical Research Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 06273, Korea
5
Department of Family Medicine, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 06273, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Patrick Diel
Nutrients 2021, 13(9), 3090; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093090
Received: 10 August 2021 / Revised: 27 August 2021 / Accepted: 30 August 2021 / Published: 2 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Clinical Nutrition)
Postmenopausal women are vulnerable to aging and oxidative stress due to reduced estrogen. Previous studies have shown that Korean red ginseng (KRG) has beneficial effects on aging and antioxidant capacity. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of KRG on biological aging and antioxidant capacity in postmenopausal women. This study conducted a double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial. The participants were randomly administered KRG or a placebo, and the following metrics were measured: mitochondria DNA (mtDNA) copy number as an indicator of biological aging and, total antioxidant status (TAS) as a marker of antioxidant capacity. Clinical symptoms of fatigue, as measured by the fatigue severity scale, were assessed before and after KRG administration. There were 63 participants, of whom 33 received KRG and 30 received a placebo. The mtDNA copy number (KRG group: 1.58 ± 2.05, placebo group: 0.28 ± 2.36, p = 0.023) and TAS (KRG group: 0.11 ± 0.25 mmol/L, placebo group: −0.04 ± 0.16 mmol/L, p = 0.011) increased and the fatigue severity scale (KRG group: −7 ± 12, placebo group: −1 ± 11, p = 0.033) decreased significantly more in the KRG group than the placebo group. KRG significantly increased the mtDNA copy number, total antioxidant status, and improved symptoms of fatigue in postmenopausal women. View Full-Text
Keywords: Korean red ginseng; antioxidant activity; biological aging; fatigue; postmenopausal women Korean red ginseng; antioxidant activity; biological aging; fatigue; postmenopausal women
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chung, T.-H.; Kim, J.-H.; Seol, S.-Y.; Kim, Y.-J.; Lee, Y.-J. The Effects of Korean Red Ginseng on Biological Aging and Antioxidant Capacity in Postmenopausal Women: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Study. Nutrients 2021, 13, 3090. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093090

AMA Style

Chung T-H, Kim J-H, Seol S-Y, Kim Y-J, Lee Y-J. The Effects of Korean Red Ginseng on Biological Aging and Antioxidant Capacity in Postmenopausal Women: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Study. Nutrients. 2021; 13(9):3090. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093090

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chung, Tae-Ha, Ji-Hye Kim, So-Young Seol, Yon-Ji Kim, and Yong-Jae Lee. 2021. "The Effects of Korean Red Ginseng on Biological Aging and Antioxidant Capacity in Postmenopausal Women: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Study" Nutrients 13, no. 9: 3090. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093090

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