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Article

The Relationship between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, Intake of Specific Foods and Depression in an Adult Population (45–75 Years) in Primary Health Care. A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study

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Department of Psychology and Sociology, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
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Institute for Health Research Aragón (IIS Aragón), 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
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Prevention and Health Promotion Research Network (redIAPP), ISCIII, 28220 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Psychology, Universidad Loyola Andalucía, 41704 Seville, Spain
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Fundació Institut Universitari per a la Recerca a L’Atenció Primària de Salut Jordi Gol i Gurina (IDIAPJGol), 08007 Barcelona, Spain
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Atenció Primària Barcelona Ciutat, Gerència Territorial de Barcelona, Institut Català de la Salut, 08007 Barcelona, Spain
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Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Universitat de Girona, 17004 Girona, Spain
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Primary Care Research Unit, Área de Vigo, SERGAS, 36201 Vigo, Spain
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I-Saúde Group, Galicia Sur Health Research Institute (IIS Galicia Sur), SERGAS VIGO, 36213 Vigo, Spain
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Unidad de Investigación en Atención Primaria de Salamanca (APISAL), 37005 Salamanca, Spain
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Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Salamanca (IBSAL), 37007 Salamanca, Spain
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Gerencia de Atención Primaria de Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
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Gerencia Regional de Salud de Castilla y León (SACyL), 37005 Salamanca, Spain
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Faculty of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of Salamanca, 37008 Salamanca, Spain
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Biomedical Research Institute of Málaga (IBIMA), 29010 Málaga, Spain
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Faculty of Medicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
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Servei de Salut de les Illes Balears, 07003 Palma de Mallorca, Spain
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Aragonese Healthcare Service (SALUD), 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
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Primary Care Research Unit of Bizkaia, Deputy Directorate of Healthcare Assistance BioCruces Bizkaia Health Research Institute, Basque Healthcare Service—Osakidetza, 48903 Barakaldo, Spain
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Department of Public Health and Psychiatry, University of Málaga, 29016 Málaga, Spain
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Department of Medicine, Psychiatry and Dermatology, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Licia Iacoviello
Nutrients 2021, 13(8), 2724; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082724
Received: 7 July 2021 / Revised: 30 July 2021 / Accepted: 5 August 2021 / Published: 7 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Nutritional Epidemiology)
Background: The relationship between the quality of the diet and the adherence to the Mediterranean diet with the presence of persistent or recurrent depressive symptoms have been described. The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and the intake of specific foods in primary care patients aged 45 to 75, having subclinical or major depression. The study also specifically analyzes this relationship in individuals suffering from chronic diseases. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted. 3062 subjects met the inclusion criteria from the EIRA study. Sociodemographic variables, clinical morbidity, depression symptomatology (PHQ-9) and adherence to Mediterranean diet (MEDAS) were collected. Results: Being female, younger, with a higher BMI, consuming more than 1 serving of red meat a day and drinking more than one carbonated or sugary drink daily, not consuming 3 servings of nuts a week and not eating 2 vegetables cooked in olive oil a week are predictors of having higher depressive symptomatology. Conclusions: Assessing the type of diet of patients presenting depressive symptoms and promoting adherence to a healthy diet is important, especially in patients with chronic diseases. However, depression is a very complex issue and the relationship between nutrition and depression must be further examined. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mediterranean diet; depression; chronic diseases; cross-sectional study; primary healthcare Mediterranean diet; depression; chronic diseases; cross-sectional study; primary healthcare
MDPI and ACS Style

Oliván-Blázquez, B.; Aguilar-Latorre, A.; Motrico, E.; Gómez-Gómez, I.; Zabaleta-del-Olmo, E.; Couso-Viana, S.; Clavería, A.; Maderuelo-Fernandez, J.A.; Recio-Rodríguez, J.I.; Moreno-Peral, P.; Casajuana-Closas, M.; López-Jiménez, T.; Bolíbar, B.; Llobera, J.; Sarasa-Bosque, C.; Sanchez-Perez, Á.; Bellón, J.Á.; Magallón-Botaya, R. The Relationship between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, Intake of Specific Foods and Depression in an Adult Population (45–75 Years) in Primary Health Care. A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study. Nutrients 2021, 13, 2724. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082724

AMA Style

Oliván-Blázquez B, Aguilar-Latorre A, Motrico E, Gómez-Gómez I, Zabaleta-del-Olmo E, Couso-Viana S, Clavería A, Maderuelo-Fernandez JA, Recio-Rodríguez JI, Moreno-Peral P, Casajuana-Closas M, López-Jiménez T, Bolíbar B, Llobera J, Sarasa-Bosque C, Sanchez-Perez Á, Bellón JÁ, Magallón-Botaya R. The Relationship between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, Intake of Specific Foods and Depression in an Adult Population (45–75 Years) in Primary Health Care. A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study. Nutrients. 2021; 13(8):2724. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082724

Chicago/Turabian Style

Oliván-Blázquez, Bárbara, Alejandra Aguilar-Latorre, Emma Motrico, Irene Gómez-Gómez, Edurne Zabaleta-del-Olmo, Sabela Couso-Viana, Ana Clavería, José A. Maderuelo-Fernandez, José I. Recio-Rodríguez, Patricia Moreno-Peral, Marc Casajuana-Closas, Tomàs López-Jiménez, Bonaventura Bolíbar, Joan Llobera, Concepción Sarasa-Bosque, Álvaro Sanchez-Perez, Juan Á. Bellón, and Rosa Magallón-Botaya. 2021. "The Relationship between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, Intake of Specific Foods and Depression in an Adult Population (45–75 Years) in Primary Health Care. A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study" Nutrients 13, no. 8: 2724. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082724

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