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Article

Gastrointestinal Digestion Model Assessment of Peptide Diversity and Microbial Fermentation Products of Collagen Hydrolysates

School of Human Nutrition, McGill University, 21111 Lakeshore, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, QC H9X3V9, Canada
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Academic Editors: Maria Luz Fernandez and Maria Dolores del Castillo
Nutrients 2021, 13(8), 2720; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082720
Received: 21 June 2021 / Revised: 30 July 2021 / Accepted: 4 August 2021 / Published: 7 August 2021
Osteoarthritis (OA), the most common form of arthritis, is associated with metabolic diseases and gut microbiome dysbiosis. OA patients often take supplements of collagen hydrolysates (CHs) with a high peptide content. Following digestion, some peptides escape absorption to induce prebiotic effects via their colonic fermentation to generate short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), branched-chain fatty acids (BCFAs) and colonic gases (NH4 and H2S). The capacity of CHs to generate microbial metabolites is unknown. Proteomic analysis of two CHs (CH-GL and CH-OPT) demonstrated different native peptide profiles with increased peptide diversity after in vitro gastric and small intestinal digestion. Subsequent 24 h fermentation of the CH digests in a dynamic gastrointestinal (GI) digestion model containing human fecal matter showed that CH-OPT increased (p < 0.05) H2S, SCFAs (propionic, butyric and valeric acids), BCFAs, and decreased NH4 in the ascending colon reactor with no major changes seen with CH-GL. No major effects were observed in the transverse and descending vessels for either CH. These findings signify that CHs can induce prebiotic effects in the ascending colon that are CH dependent. More studies are needed to determine the physiological significance of CH-derived colonic metabolites, in view of emerging evidence connecting the gut to OA and metabolic diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutraceutical; in vitro digestion; collagen hydrolysate; short-chain fatty acids; branched-chain fatty acids; osteoarthritis; ammonium; hydrogen sulfide; antioxidant; peptide sequencing nutraceutical; in vitro digestion; collagen hydrolysate; short-chain fatty acids; branched-chain fatty acids; osteoarthritis; ammonium; hydrogen sulfide; antioxidant; peptide sequencing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Larder, C.E.; Iskandar, M.M.; Kubow, S. Gastrointestinal Digestion Model Assessment of Peptide Diversity and Microbial Fermentation Products of Collagen Hydrolysates. Nutrients 2021, 13, 2720. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082720

AMA Style

Larder CE, Iskandar MM, Kubow S. Gastrointestinal Digestion Model Assessment of Peptide Diversity and Microbial Fermentation Products of Collagen Hydrolysates. Nutrients. 2021; 13(8):2720. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082720

Chicago/Turabian Style

Larder, Christina E., Michèle M. Iskandar, and Stan Kubow. 2021. "Gastrointestinal Digestion Model Assessment of Peptide Diversity and Microbial Fermentation Products of Collagen Hydrolysates" Nutrients 13, no. 8: 2720. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082720

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