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Article

A Fit-for-Purpose Nutrient Profiling Model to Underpin Food and Nutrition Policies in South Africa

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School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape Faculty of Community and Health Sciences, Cape Town 7535, South Africa
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Menzies Centre for Health Policy, School of Public Health, Charles Perkins Centre, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
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Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health and the Carolina Population Center, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7400, USA
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Department of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Limpopo, Polokwane 0727, South Africa
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Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town 7535, South Africa
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DSI/NRF Centre of Excellence in Food Security, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town 7535, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maria Kapsokefalou
Nutrients 2021, 13(8), 2584; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082584
Received: 6 June 2021 / Revised: 10 July 2021 / Accepted: 13 July 2021 / Published: 28 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
South Africa (SA) is facing a rising prevalence of obesity and diet-related chronic diseases. The government is seeking to develop effective, evidence-based policy measures to address this. A well-designed, fit-for-purpose nutrient profiling model (NPM) can aid policy development. The aim of this study was to develop a fit-for-purpose NPM in SA. Steps included: (1) determining the purpose and target population; (2) selecting appropriate nutrients and other food components to include; (3) selecting a suitable NPM type, criteria and base; and (4) selecting appropriate numbers and thresholds. As part of the evaluation, the nutritional composition of packaged foods containing nutritional information (n = 6747) in the SA food supply chain was analyzed, a literature review was undertaken and various NPMs were evaluated. Our findings indicated that it is most appropriate to adapt an NPM and underpin regulation with a restrictive NPM that limits unhealthy food components. The Chile 2019 NPM was identified as suitable to adapt, and total sugar, saturated fat, sodium and non-sugar sweetener were identified as appropriate to restrict. This NPM has the potential to underpin restrictive policies, such as front-of-package labelling and child-directed marketing regulations in SA. These policies will support the fight against obesity and NCDs in the country. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutrient profiling; South Africa; LMIC; food policy nutrient profiling; South Africa; LMIC; food policy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Frank, T.; Thow, A.-M.; Ng, S.W.; Ostrowski, J.; Bopape, M.; Swart, E.C. A Fit-for-Purpose Nutrient Profiling Model to Underpin Food and Nutrition Policies in South Africa. Nutrients 2021, 13, 2584. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082584

AMA Style

Frank T, Thow A-M, Ng SW, Ostrowski J, Bopape M, Swart EC. A Fit-for-Purpose Nutrient Profiling Model to Underpin Food and Nutrition Policies in South Africa. Nutrients. 2021; 13(8):2584. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082584

Chicago/Turabian Style

Frank, Tamryn, Anne-Marie Thow, Shu Wen Ng, Jessica Ostrowski, Makoma Bopape, and Elizabeth C. Swart. 2021. "A Fit-for-Purpose Nutrient Profiling Model to Underpin Food and Nutrition Policies in South Africa" Nutrients 13, no. 8: 2584. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082584

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