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Nutritional Significance of Fruit and Fruit Products in the Average Polish Diet

Department of Food Market and Consumer Research, Institute of Human Nutrition Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 07-787 Warsaw, Poland
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Academic Editor: Rosa Casas
Nutrients 2021, 13(6), 2079; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13062079
Received: 1 May 2021 / Revised: 2 June 2021 / Accepted: 16 June 2021 / Published: 17 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
The aim of the present study was to analyze the supply of energy, 19 nutrients, free sugars, and dietary fiber in the average Polish diet from fruit and fruit products. Our analysis is based on 2016 data from the national representative household budget survey conducted on a sample of 36,886 households, yielding a population of 99,230 individuals. Fruit and fruit products provided 3.12% of energy to the average diet in Poland with the highest share of bananas and apples. The highest significance of this food group was found for vitamin C (23.65%), including citrus fruits providing 8.03% of vitamin C, berries (5.97%), other fruits (3.45%), and apples (3.13%). The share of fruit and their products in the supply of free sugars is equally high and amounts to 23.52%. This means that apples provide 6.34% of free sugars, while other fruits also have a high supply of free sugars, including berries 3.68%, stone fruits 3.06%, bananas 2.56%, and citrus fruits 2.54%. The proportion of supply exceeding the percentage of energy (which was 3.12%) was obtained for carbohydrate (5.79%), and fiber (13.66%). The food group studied was particularly important (more than 5% share) in providing four minerals: potassium (8.59%), iron (5.07%), magnesium (5.51%), copper (8.81%), and three vitamins: vitamin C (23.65%), vitamin B6 (5.74%), and vitamin E (5.53%). The influence of sociodemographic and economic characteristics of households on the structure of energy and nutrient supply from fruit and fruit products was assessed using cluster analysis. There were four clusters characterized by different energy, nutrient, and fiber supply. The factors with the highest statistical significance on the supply of energy, nutrients, and fiber from fruit and fruit products were month of study, income, degree of urbanization, education, size of town, and land use. The obtained results concerning energy and nutrient supply from fruits and fruit products are important for the Polish society from the public health point of view, as indicated in the discussion of results and conclusions. View Full-Text
Keywords: fruit and products; energy sources; fiber sources; bananas; apples; sources of vitamins; sources of minerals; sources of carbohydrates fruit and products; energy sources; fiber sources; bananas; apples; sources of vitamins; sources of minerals; sources of carbohydrates
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rejman, K.; Górska-Warsewicz, H.; Kaczorowska, J.; Laskowski, W. Nutritional Significance of Fruit and Fruit Products in the Average Polish Diet. Nutrients 2021, 13, 2079. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13062079

AMA Style

Rejman K, Górska-Warsewicz H, Kaczorowska J, Laskowski W. Nutritional Significance of Fruit and Fruit Products in the Average Polish Diet. Nutrients. 2021; 13(6):2079. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13062079

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rejman, Krystyna, Hanna Górska-Warsewicz, Joanna Kaczorowska, and Wacław Laskowski. 2021. "Nutritional Significance of Fruit and Fruit Products in the Average Polish Diet" Nutrients 13, no. 6: 2079. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13062079

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