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Article

The Impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on Patients with Obesity after Intensive Cognitive Behavioral Therapy—A Case-Control Study

Department of Eating and Weight Disorders, Villa Garda Hospital, Via Monte Baldo, 89, 37016 Garda, VR, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jose Lara
Nutrients 2021, 13(6), 2021; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13062021
Received: 14 April 2021 / Revised: 20 May 2021 / Accepted: 9 June 2021 / Published: 11 June 2021
Background: The COVID-19 lockdown may have negatively impacted the treatment of obesity. This study aimed to assess the effect of COVID-19 lockdown in patients with obesity treated with intensive residential cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-OB). Methods: This retrospective case-control study analyzed 129 patients with severe obesity who experienced COVID-19 lockdown in the 6 months after discharge from intensive residential CBT-OB, comparing their outcomes on weight loss, binge-eating episodes, and general health status with those in a sample of patients matched by gender, age, and body mass index given the same treatment before the COVID-19 outbreak as control. Patients were assessed at baseline and by phone interview 6-month follow-up. Results: Both groups had lost more than 9% of their baseline bodyweight and reported a significant decrease in binge-eating episodes and similar general health status at 6-month follow-up. However, control patients achieved a significantly greater weight loss than those who experienced lockdown, although half of lockdown patients reported persisting with CBT-OB procedures after their discharge. Conclusion: Patients with obesity treated with CBT-OB and exposed to COVID-19 lockdown, despite achieving lower weight loss than non-exposed patients, had a healthy weight loss at 6-month follow-up and comparable reduction in binge-eating behaviors. View Full-Text
Keywords: lockdown; cognitive behavioral therapy; treatment outcomes; COVID-19; isolation lockdown; cognitive behavioral therapy; treatment outcomes; COVID-19; isolation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Calugi, S.; Andreoli, B.; Dametti, L.; Dalle Grave, A.; Morandini, N.; Dalle Grave, R. The Impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on Patients with Obesity after Intensive Cognitive Behavioral Therapy—A Case-Control Study. Nutrients 2021, 13, 2021. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13062021

AMA Style

Calugi S, Andreoli B, Dametti L, Dalle Grave A, Morandini N, Dalle Grave R. The Impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on Patients with Obesity after Intensive Cognitive Behavioral Therapy—A Case-Control Study. Nutrients. 2021; 13(6):2021. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13062021

Chicago/Turabian Style

Calugi, Simona, Beatrice Andreoli, Laura Dametti, Anna Dalle Grave, Nicole Morandini, and Riccardo Dalle Grave. 2021. "The Impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on Patients with Obesity after Intensive Cognitive Behavioral Therapy—A Case-Control Study" Nutrients 13, no. 6: 2021. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13062021

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