Next Article in Journal
Effects of School-Based Interventions on Reducing Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption among Chinese Children and Adolescents
Previous Article in Journal
Probiotic and Functional Properties of Limosilactobacillus reuteri INIA P572
Due to scheduled maintenance work on our core network, there may be short service disruptions on this website between 16:00 and 16:30 CEST on September 25th.
Article

The Use of Non-Nutritive and Low-Calorie Sweeteners in 19,915 Local and Imported Pre-Packaged Foods in Hong Kong

1
School of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 999077, China
2
Food Policy Division, The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW 2052, Australia
3
Department of Nutrition, Gillings Global School of Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kimber L. Stanhope
Nutrients 2021, 13(6), 1861; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061861
Received: 20 April 2021 / Revised: 24 May 2021 / Accepted: 26 May 2021 / Published: 29 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
This study aims to examine the use of non-nutritive (NNSs) and low-calorie sweeteners (LCSs) in pre-packaged foods in Hong Kong and the differences in the number of NNSs/LCSs used between products from different regions. In a cross-sectional audit, the types of NNSs/LCSs used in 19,915 pre-packaged foods in Hong Kong were examined by searching the ingredients list of the included products for keywords related to 20 common NNSs/LCSs and their respective E-numbers. Prevalence of use of NNSs and LCSs, the co-presence of NNSs/LCSs and free sugar ingredients (FSI), and the number of NNSs/LCSs used in the included foods were computed. Pearson’s χ2 test was used to compare the total number of NNSs and/or LCSs used in food items from different regions. Sucralose (E955) was the most commonly used NNS (1.9%), followed by acesulfame K (E950, 1.6%). Sorbitol was the most commonly used LCS (2.9%). Overall, the use of LCSs was less common compared with NNSs (3.7% vs. 4.5%). The use of different types of NNSs varied substantially between food types. Notably, 20.2% of potato crisps and 15.2% of other crisps or extruded snacks contained at least one NNS and/or LCS. Co-presence of FSIs and NNSs/LCSs were most common in confectionery (15.7%) and snack foods (15.5%). Asian prepackaged foods were more likely to contain NNSs/LCSs (10.1%) compared with those from other regions. To conclude, NNSs/LCSs were used in a wide range of non-diet pre-packaged products which could be a public health concern due to their higher consumption frequencies than “diet” products. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-nutritive sweeteners; low-calorie sweeteners; intense sweeteners; sugar substitutes; pre-packaged foods; Hong Kong non-nutritive sweeteners; low-calorie sweeteners; intense sweeteners; sugar substitutes; pre-packaged foods; Hong Kong
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

O, B.Y.S.; Coyle, D.H.; Dunford, E.K.; Wu, J.H.Y.; Louie, J.C.Y. The Use of Non-Nutritive and Low-Calorie Sweeteners in 19,915 Local and Imported Pre-Packaged Foods in Hong Kong. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1861. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061861

AMA Style

O BYS, Coyle DH, Dunford EK, Wu JHY, Louie JCY. The Use of Non-Nutritive and Low-Calorie Sweeteners in 19,915 Local and Imported Pre-Packaged Foods in Hong Kong. Nutrients. 2021; 13(6):1861. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061861

Chicago/Turabian Style

O, Billy Y.S., Daisy H. Coyle, Elizabeth K. Dunford, Jason H.Y. Wu, and Jimmy C.Y. Louie 2021. "The Use of Non-Nutritive and Low-Calorie Sweeteners in 19,915 Local and Imported Pre-Packaged Foods in Hong Kong" Nutrients 13, no. 6: 1861. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061861

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop