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Article

Involving Parents in Promoting Healthy Energy Balance-Related Behaviors in Preschoolers: A Mixed Methods Impact and Process Evaluation of SuperFIT

Department of Health Promotion, School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism (NUTRIM), Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
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Academic Editor: Abdullah Mamun
Nutrients 2021, 13(5), 1605; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051605
Received: 18 March 2021 / Revised: 29 April 2021 / Accepted: 6 May 2021 / Published: 11 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Weight Outcomes of Kids: What Can Parents Do?)
Parental involvement is an essential component of obesity prevention interventions for children. The present study provides a process and impact evaluation of the family component of SuperFIT. SuperFIT is a comprehensive, integrated intervention approach aiming to improve energy balance-related behaviors (EBRBs) of young children (2–4 years). A mixed methods design combined in-depth interviews with parents (n = 15) and implementers (n = 3) with questionnaire data on nutritional and physical activity-related parenting practices (CFPQ and PPAPP), the physical home environment (EPAO_SR) (n = 41), and intervention appreciation (n = 19). Results were structured using the concepts of reach, adoption, implementation, and perceived impact. Findings indicated that the families reached were mostly those that were already interested in the topic. Participants of the intervention appreciated the information received and the on-the-spot guidance on their child’s behavior. Having fun was considered a success factor within the intervention. Parents expressed the additional need for peer-to-peer discussion. SuperFIT increased awareness and understanding of parents’ own behavior. Parents made no changes in daily life routines or the physical home environment. Translating knowledge and learned strategies into behavior at home has yet to be achieved. To optimize impact, intervention developers should find the right balance between accessibility, content, and intensity of interventions for parents. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; home; intervention; impact; nutrition; parents; physical activity; preschoolers; process evaluation children; home; intervention; impact; nutrition; parents; physical activity; preschoolers; process evaluation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Harms, L.S.E.; Gerards, S.M.P.L.; Kremers, S.P.J.; Bessems, K.M.H.H.; van Luijk, C.; Arslan, T.; Mombers, F.M.; Gubbels, J.S. Involving Parents in Promoting Healthy Energy Balance-Related Behaviors in Preschoolers: A Mixed Methods Impact and Process Evaluation of SuperFIT. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1605. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051605

AMA Style

Harms LSE, Gerards SMPL, Kremers SPJ, Bessems KMHH, van Luijk C, Arslan T, Mombers FM, Gubbels JS. Involving Parents in Promoting Healthy Energy Balance-Related Behaviors in Preschoolers: A Mixed Methods Impact and Process Evaluation of SuperFIT. Nutrients. 2021; 13(5):1605. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051605

Chicago/Turabian Style

Harms, Lisa S. E., Sanne M. P. L. Gerards, Stef P. J. Kremers, Kathelijne M. H. H. Bessems, Carsten van Luijk, Tülay Arslan, Femke M. Mombers, and Jessica S. Gubbels. 2021. "Involving Parents in Promoting Healthy Energy Balance-Related Behaviors in Preschoolers: A Mixed Methods Impact and Process Evaluation of SuperFIT" Nutrients 13, no. 5: 1605. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051605

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