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Article

Elite Male Volleyball Players Are at Risk of Insufficient Energy and Carbohydrate Intake

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l’Institut National du Sport du Québec, Montréal, QC H1V 3N7, Canada
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French-Speaking Olympic Sports Medicine Research Network (ReFORM), Montréal, QC H1V 3N7, Canada
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School of Human Nutrition, McGill University, Montréal, QC H9X 3V9, Canada
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Buffalo Sabres, Buffalo, NY 14203, USA
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Athletics Canada, Ottawa, ON K1G 6C9, Canada
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Department of Medicine, Division of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Centre de Recherche du CHUS, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC J1H 5N4, Canada
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School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada
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Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA), 1007 Lausanne, Switzerland
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Department of Family Medicine, Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L8, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Elena Barbieri
Nutrients 2021, 13(5), 1435; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051435
Received: 3 April 2021 / Revised: 19 April 2021 / Accepted: 19 April 2021 / Published: 24 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Sports Nutrition)
Elite volleyball athletes experience significant physical and psychological demands during the competitive season. The aim was to compare the dietary intake of male volleyball athletes with recommendations for sport and health, and to examine the association of physique traits and knee health on eating behaviours and of eating behaviours on reported dietary intake. Using a retrospective cross-sectional design, 22 male athletes from a national indoor volleyball program underwent anthropometric, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and resting metabolic rate testing, 4-day dietary intake and hematological analysis, and also completed the three-factor eating questionnaire–R18 for eating behaviours and the Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment—patellar tendon (VISA-P) questionnaire for knee health. Most players under-consumed energy compared to reference guidelines, secondary to under-consuming carbohydrate for exercise. The primary eating behaviour was cognitive restraint, which was associated with body mass index and ectomorphy. Emotional eating behaviour was associated with VISA-P. Differences in emotional and cognitive restraint eating behaviours did not impact dietary intake. The findings suggest that players are at risk of an impaired ability to adapt to and recover from training during an important segment of the competitive season. Future work should explore the presence of low energy availability in elite male volleyball players. View Full-Text
Keywords: low energy availability; nutrition recommendations; elite athletes; RED-S; carbohydrate energy availability; eating behaviour low energy availability; nutrition recommendations; elite athletes; RED-S; carbohydrate energy availability; eating behaviour
MDPI and ACS Style

Sesbreno, E.; Dziedzic, C.E.; Sygo, J.; Blondin, D.P.; Haman, F.; Leclerc, S.; Brazeau, A.-S.; Mountjoy, M. Elite Male Volleyball Players Are at Risk of Insufficient Energy and Carbohydrate Intake. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1435. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051435

AMA Style

Sesbreno E, Dziedzic CE, Sygo J, Blondin DP, Haman F, Leclerc S, Brazeau A-S, Mountjoy M. Elite Male Volleyball Players Are at Risk of Insufficient Energy and Carbohydrate Intake. Nutrients. 2021; 13(5):1435. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051435

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sesbreno, Erik, Christine E. Dziedzic, Jennifer Sygo, Denis P. Blondin, François Haman, Suzanne Leclerc, Anne-Sophie Brazeau, and Margo Mountjoy. 2021. "Elite Male Volleyball Players Are at Risk of Insufficient Energy and Carbohydrate Intake" Nutrients 13, no. 5: 1435. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051435

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