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Review

How Does the Dietary Intake of Female Field-Based Team Sport Athletes Compare to Dietary Recommendations for Health and Performance? A Systematic Literature Review

1
Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Athlone Institute of Technology, N37 HD68 Athlone, Ireland
2
SHE Research Group, Athlone Institute of Technology, N37 HD68 Athlone, Ireland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marco Malaguti
Nutrients 2021, 13(4), 1235; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041235
Received: 8 March 2021 / Revised: 1 April 2021 / Accepted: 7 April 2021 / Published: 9 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sport Nutrition for Athletes)
Field-based team sports present large energetic demands given their intermittent high-intensity nature. Current evidence suggests that the dietary intake of female athletes may be insufficient to meet such demands, resulting in negative consequences for athletic performance and health. The primary aim of this review was to therefore assess the adequacy of dietary intake of female field-based team sport athletes when compared to dietary recommendations. A systematic search of databases, including PubMed, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, and OpenGrey, was performed from the earliest record available until July 2020, obtaining an initial total of 2588 articles. To be included within the final review, articles were required to provide a quantitative assessment of baseline dietary intake specific to the target population. A total of 20 studies (n = 462) met the full eligibility criteria. A majority reported that the dietary intake of female field-based team sport athletes was insufficient in overall energy (2064 ± 309 kcal·day−1), carbohydrate (4.3 ± 1.2 g·kg·day−1), and iron intake (13.6 ± 6.2 mg·day−1) when compared to recommendations. Future research is required to establish why female team sport athletes consistently demonstrate deficient dietary practices, and to explore the potential negative consequences of this. View Full-Text
Keywords: sports nutrition; nutritional recommendations; carbohydrate intake; energy; LEA; female health sports nutrition; nutritional recommendations; carbohydrate intake; energy; LEA; female health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Renard, M.; Kelly, D.T.; Chéilleachair, N.N.; Catháin, C.Ó. How Does the Dietary Intake of Female Field-Based Team Sport Athletes Compare to Dietary Recommendations for Health and Performance? A Systematic Literature Review. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1235. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041235

AMA Style

Renard M, Kelly DT, Chéilleachair NN, Catháin CÓ. How Does the Dietary Intake of Female Field-Based Team Sport Athletes Compare to Dietary Recommendations for Health and Performance? A Systematic Literature Review. Nutrients. 2021; 13(4):1235. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041235

Chicago/Turabian Style

Renard, Michèle, David T. Kelly, Niamh Ní Chéilleachair, and Ciarán Ó Catháin. 2021. "How Does the Dietary Intake of Female Field-Based Team Sport Athletes Compare to Dietary Recommendations for Health and Performance? A Systematic Literature Review" Nutrients 13, no. 4: 1235. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041235

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