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Article

Association between Serum Concentration of Carotenoid and Visceral Fat

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Innovation Division, KAGOME CO. LTD., 17 Nishitomiyama, Nasushiobara, Tochigi 329-2762, Japan
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Department of Active Life Promotion Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki University, 5 Zaifu-cho, Hirosaki, Aomori 036-8562, Japan
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Health & Wellness Products Research Laboratories, Kao Corporation, Tokyo 131-8501, Japan
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Department of Vegetable Life Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki University, 5 Zaifu-cho, Hirosaki, Aomori 036-8562, Japan
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Innovation Center for Health Promotion, Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki University, 5 Zaifu-cho, Hirosaki, Aomori 036-8562, Japan
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Department of Stress Response Science, Center for Advanced Medical Research, Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki University, 5 Zaifu-cho, Hirosaki, Aomori 036-8562, Japan
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Department of Social Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki University, 5 Zaifu-cho, Hirosaki, Aomori 036-8562, Japan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonio Pérez-Gálvez
Nutrients 2021, 13(3), 912; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030912
Received: 29 January 2021 / Revised: 27 February 2021 / Accepted: 8 March 2021 / Published: 11 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Phytochemicals and Human Health)
Consumption of fruits and vegetables rich in carotenoids has been widely reported to prevent cardiovascular diseases. However, the relationship between serum carotenoid concentrations and visceral fat area (VFA), which is considered a better predictor of cardiovascular diseases than the body-mass index (BMI) and waist circumference, remains unclear. Therefore, we examined the relationship in healthy individuals in their 20s or older, stratified by sex and age, to compare the relationship between serum carotenoid concentrations and VFA and BMI. The study was conducted on 805 people, the residents in Hirosaki city, Aomori prefecture, who underwent a health checkup. An inverse relationship between serum carotenoid concentrations and VFA and BMI was observed only in women. In addition, the results were independent of the intake of dietary fiber, which is mainly supplied from vegetables as well as carotenoids. This suggests that consumption of a diet rich in carotenoids (especially lutein and beta-carotene) is associated with lower VFA, which is a good predictor of cardiovascular disease, especially in women. This study is the first to comprehensively evaluate the association between serum carotenoid levels and VFA in healthy individuals. View Full-Text
Keywords: carotenoid; visceral fat; metabolic syndrome; vegetable intake; resident-based cross-sectional study; healthy subjects carotenoid; visceral fat; metabolic syndrome; vegetable intake; resident-based cross-sectional study; healthy subjects
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MDPI and ACS Style

Matsumoto, M.; Suganuma, H.; Ozato, N.; Shimizu, S.; Katashima, M.; Katsuragi, Y.; Mikami, T.; Itoh, K.; Nakaji, S. Association between Serum Concentration of Carotenoid and Visceral Fat. Nutrients 2021, 13, 912. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030912

AMA Style

Matsumoto M, Suganuma H, Ozato N, Shimizu S, Katashima M, Katsuragi Y, Mikami T, Itoh K, Nakaji S. Association between Serum Concentration of Carotenoid and Visceral Fat. Nutrients. 2021; 13(3):912. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030912

Chicago/Turabian Style

Matsumoto, Mai, Hiroyuki Suganuma, Naoki Ozato, Sunao Shimizu, Mitsuhiro Katashima, Yoshihisa Katsuragi, Tatsuya Mikami, Ken Itoh, and Shigeyuki Nakaji. 2021. "Association between Serum Concentration of Carotenoid and Visceral Fat" Nutrients 13, no. 3: 912. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030912

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