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Article

Relationship between Vitamin Intake and Health-Related Quality of Life in a Japanese Population: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the Shika Study

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Department of Environmental and Preventive Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, 13-1 Takaramachi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920-8640, Japan
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Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Advanced Preventive Medical Sciences, Kanazawa University, 13-1 Takaramachi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920-8640, Japan
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Advanced Preventive Medical Sciences Research Center, Kanazawa University, 1-13 Takaramachi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920-8640, Japan
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Innovative Clinical Research Center, Kanazawa University, 13-1 Takaramachi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920-8641, Japan
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Department of Bioinformatics and Genomics, Graduate School of Advanced Preventive Medical Sciences, Kanazawa University, 13-1 Takaramachi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920-8640, Japan
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Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, Komatsu University, 14-1 Mukaimotorimachi, Komatsu, Ishikawa 923-0961, Japan
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Faculty of Public Health, Haiphong University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ngo Quyen, Hai Phong 180000, Vietnam
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Division of Dental Anesthesiology, Department of Oral Surgery, Ohu University School of Dentistry, 1-31, Misumidou, Tomitamachi, Kohriyama, Fukushima 963-8611, Japan
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Third Department of Internal Medicine, University of Fukui Faculty of Medical Sciences, 23-3 Matsuoka Shimoaizaki, Eiheiji-cho, Yoshida-gun, Tsuruga, Fukui 914-0055, Japan
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Department of Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Okayama University of Science, 1-3 Ikoinooka, Imabari, Ehime 794-8555, Japan
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Institute of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Kanazawa University, 1 Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Roberto Iacone
Nutrients 2021, 13(3), 1023; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13031023
Received: 18 January 2021 / Revised: 10 February 2021 / Accepted: 19 March 2021 / Published: 22 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Micronutrients and Human Health)
Although epidemiological studies revealed a relationship between psychosocial states, such as depressive symptoms, and nutritional intake, limited information is currently available on vitamin intake. The Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36) is not limited to a specific disease, it is constructed based on a universal concept of health and is used to evaluate the Quality of life (QOL). A three-component scoring method was developed for “Physical component score (PCS)”, “Mental component score (MCS)”, and “Role/social score (RCS)”. Collectively, these summary scores are called the “QOL summary score”, which is regarded as a more detailed health summary score. In the present study, we aimed at epidemiologically examine the relationship between vitamin intake and QOL in middle-aged and elderly population in 3162 residents in Japan. In women, a multiple regression analysis showed a positive correlation between all vitamin intake and PCS scores, and between vitamin B6, folic acid, vitamin C, and MCS scores. In consideration of depression as MCS of SF-36 and chronic pain as PCS, an insufficient vitamin intake may affect QOL in women; however, a causal relationship has not yet been demonstrated. View Full-Text
Keywords: health-related quality of life; vitamin; Short Form-36 health-related quality of life; vitamin; Short Form-36
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MDPI and ACS Style

Narukawa, N.; Tsujiguchi, H.; Hara, A.; Miyagi, S.; Kannon, T.; Suzuki, K.; Shimizu, Y.; Nguyen, T.T.T.; Pham, K.O.; Suzuki, F.; Asai, A.; Amatsu, T.; Kasahara, T.; Miyagi, M.; Nakamura, M.; Yamada, Y.; Nakamura, H.; Hayashi, K.; Hamagishi, T.; Shibata, A.; Konoshita, T.; Kambayashi, Y.; Tsuboi, H.; Tajima, A.; Nakamura, H. Relationship between Vitamin Intake and Health-Related Quality of Life in a Japanese Population: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the Shika Study. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1023. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13031023

AMA Style

Narukawa N, Tsujiguchi H, Hara A, Miyagi S, Kannon T, Suzuki K, Shimizu Y, Nguyen TTT, Pham KO, Suzuki F, Asai A, Amatsu T, Kasahara T, Miyagi M, Nakamura M, Yamada Y, Nakamura H, Hayashi K, Hamagishi T, Shibata A, Konoshita T, Kambayashi Y, Tsuboi H, Tajima A, Nakamura H. Relationship between Vitamin Intake and Health-Related Quality of Life in a Japanese Population: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the Shika Study. Nutrients. 2021; 13(3):1023. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13031023

Chicago/Turabian Style

Narukawa, Nobuhiko, Hiromasa Tsujiguchi, Akinori Hara, Sakae Miyagi, Takayuki Kannon, Keita Suzuki, Yukari Shimizu, Thao T.T. Nguyen, Kim O. Pham, Fumihiko Suzuki, Atsushi Asai, Takashi Amatsu, Tomoko Kasahara, Masateru Miyagi, Masaharu Nakamura, Yohei Yamada, Haruki Nakamura, Koichiro Hayashi, Toshio Hamagishi, Aki Shibata, Tadashi Konoshita, Yasuhiro Kambayashi, Hirohito Tsuboi, Atsushi Tajima, and Hiroyuki Nakamura. 2021. "Relationship between Vitamin Intake and Health-Related Quality of Life in a Japanese Population: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the Shika Study" Nutrients 13, no. 3: 1023. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13031023

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