Next Article in Journal
Assessment of Inorganic Phosphate Intake by the Measurement of the Phosphate/Urea Nitrogen Ratio in Urine
Next Article in Special Issue
Nutritional Management Enhances the Recovery of Swallowing Ability in Older Patients with Sarcopenic Dysphagia
Previous Article in Journal
Stunting Malnutrition Associated with Severe Tooth Decay in Cambodian Toddlers
Previous Article in Special Issue
Undernutrition, Sarcopenia, and Frailty in Fragility Hip Fracture: Advanced Strategies for Improving Clinical Outcomes
Open AccessReview

Related Factors and Clinical Outcomes of Osteosarcopenia: A Narrative Review

1
Department of Physical Therapy, Niigata University of Health and Welfare, 1398 Shimami-cho, Kita-ku, Niigata 950-3198, Japan
2
Department of Geriatric Medicine, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, 7-430 Morioka, Obu, Aichi 474-8511, Japan
3
Department of Palliative and Supportive Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Aichi Medical University, 1-1 Yazakokarimata, Nagakute, Aichi 480-1195, Japan
4
Department of Nursing, Nishinomiya Kyoritsu Neurosurgical Hospital, 11-1 Imazuyamanaka-cho, Nishinomiya, Hyogo 663-8211, Japan
5
Department of Nutrition, Hamamatsu City Rehabilitation Hospital, 1-6-1 Wago-kita, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka 433-8127, Japan
6
Department of Clinical Nutrition and Food Service, NTT Medical Center Tokyo, 5-9-22 Higashi-Gotanda, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 141-8625, Japan
7
Biostatistics Center, Kurume University, 67 Asahimachi, Kurume 830-0011, Japan
8
Okinawa Chuzan Hospital Clinical Research Center, Chuzan Hospital, 6-2-1 Matsumoto, Okinawa 904-2151, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2021, 13(2), 291; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020291
Received: 26 November 2020 / Revised: 18 January 2021 / Accepted: 19 January 2021 / Published: 20 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of Malnutrition upon Healthcare and Clinical Outcomes)
Osteopenia/osteoporosis and sarcopenia are common geriatric diseases among older adults and harm activities of daily living (ADL) and quality of life (QOL). Osteosarcopenia is a unique syndrome that is a concomitant of both osteopenia/osteoporosis and sarcopenia. This review aimed to summarize the related factors and clinical outcomes of osteosarcopenia to facilitate understanding, evaluation, prevention, treatment, and further research on osteosarcopenia. We searched the literature to include meta-analyses, reviews, and clinical trials. The prevalence of osteosarcopenia among community-dwelling older adults is significantly higher in female (up to 64.3%) compared to male (8–11%). Osteosarcopenia is a risk factor for death, fractures, and falls based on longitudinal studies. However, the associations between osteosarcopenia and many other factors have been derived based on cross-sectional studies, so the causal relationship is not clear. Few studies of osteosarcopenia in hospitals have been conducted. Osteosarcopenia is a new concept and has not yet been fully researched its relationship to clinical outcomes. Longitudinal studies and high-quality interventional studies are warranted in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: sarcopenia; osteoporosis; osteosarcopenia sarcopenia; osteoporosis; osteosarcopenia
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Inoue, T.; Maeda, K.; Nagano, A.; Shimizu, A.; Ueshima, J.; Murotani, K.; Sato, K.; Hotta, K.; Morishita, S.; Tsubaki, A. Related Factors and Clinical Outcomes of Osteosarcopenia: A Narrative Review. Nutrients 2021, 13, 291. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020291

AMA Style

Inoue T, Maeda K, Nagano A, Shimizu A, Ueshima J, Murotani K, Sato K, Hotta K, Morishita S, Tsubaki A. Related Factors and Clinical Outcomes of Osteosarcopenia: A Narrative Review. Nutrients. 2021; 13(2):291. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020291

Chicago/Turabian Style

Inoue, Tatsuro; Maeda, Keisuke; Nagano, Ayano; Shimizu, Akio; Ueshima, Junko; Murotani, Kenta; Sato, Keisuke; Hotta, Kazuki; Morishita, Shinichiro; Tsubaki, Atsuhiro. 2021. "Related Factors and Clinical Outcomes of Osteosarcopenia: A Narrative Review" Nutrients 13, no. 2: 291. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020291

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop