Next Article in Journal
Educational Intervention of Healthy Life Promotion for Children with a Migrant Background or at Socioeconomic Disadvantage in the North of Italy: Efficacy of Telematic Tools in Improving Nutritional and Physical Activity Knowledge
Next Article in Special Issue
Modulation of Adipocyte Metabolism by Microbial Short-Chain Fatty Acids
Previous Article in Journal
Persistent Effect of Advanced Glycated Albumin Driving Inflammation and Disturbances in Cholesterol Efflux in Macrophages
Previous Article in Special Issue
Synbiotic Intervention with an Adlay-Based Prebiotic and Probiotics Improved Diet-Induced Metabolic Disturbance in Mice by Modulation of the Gut Microbiota
Review

Effects of Probiotics and Synbiotics on Weight Loss in Subjects with Overweight or Obesity: A Systematic Review

1
Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
2
Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada, 18012 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael J. Barratt
Nutrients 2021, 13(10), 3627; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103627
Received: 30 August 2021 / Revised: 4 October 2021 / Accepted: 13 October 2021 / Published: 17 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Bioactives, Gut Microbiota, and Human Health)
Intestinal microbiota has been shown to be a potential determining factor in the development of obesity. The objective of this systematic review is to collect and learn, based on the latest available evidence, the effect of the use of probiotics and synbiotics in randomized clinical trials on weight loss in people with overweight and obesity. A search for articles was carried out in PubMed, Web of science and Scopus until September 2021, using search strategies that included the terms “obesity”, “overweight”, “probiotic”, “synbiotic”, “Lactobacillus”, “Bifidobacterium” and “weight loss”. Of the 185 articles found, only 27 complied with the selection criteria and were analyzed in the review, of which 23 observed positive effects on weight loss. The intake of probiotics or synbiotics could lead to significant weight reductions, either maintaining habitual lifestyle habits or in combination with energy restriction and/or increased physical activity for an average of 12 weeks. Specific strains belonging to the genus Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium were the most used and those that showed the best results in reducing body weight. Both probiotics and synbiotics have the potential to help in weight loss in overweight and obese populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; overweight; weight loss; probiotics; synbiotics; microbiota obesity; overweight; weight loss; probiotics; synbiotics; microbiota
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Álvarez-Arraño, V.; Martín-Peláez, S. Effects of Probiotics and Synbiotics on Weight Loss in Subjects with Overweight or Obesity: A Systematic Review. Nutrients 2021, 13, 3627. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103627

AMA Style

Álvarez-Arraño V, Martín-Peláez S. Effects of Probiotics and Synbiotics on Weight Loss in Subjects with Overweight or Obesity: A Systematic Review. Nutrients. 2021; 13(10):3627. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103627

Chicago/Turabian Style

Álvarez-Arraño, Valentina, and Sandra Martín-Peláez. 2021. "Effects of Probiotics and Synbiotics on Weight Loss in Subjects with Overweight or Obesity: A Systematic Review" Nutrients 13, no. 10: 3627. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103627

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop