Qualitative Accounts of School-Aged Children’s Diets during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Rural, Central, Kenya
2. Materials and Methods
2.2.1. Qualitative Statements
2.2.3. Dietary Recall Data
3.1. Quantitative Analyses
3.2. Qualitative Analyses
3.2.1. Barriers to Access
“Yes, we were unable to get some ingredients because of the fear to get to the market due to covid-19”(Participant 7)
“We would have wished to have maybe fruits in their meal but it has become hard to get to the market due to the fear of being infected”(Participant 8)
“We used to buy fruits for the child but this has become hard since movements to the market have been minimized”(Participant 16)
3.2.2. Financial Changes
“In times like this when we receive a visitor, we could add some meat to the stew but it has become hard to get some wage and casual works due to the effect of the virus”(Participant 15)
“Yes, the amount of milk used to prepare the tea has reduced since the virus broke. This is because we cannot afford to buy more because jobs have become scarce and we rely on wage work”(Participant 6)
“When cooking meat stew we usually include tomatoes but we did not because they have turned to be expensive”(Participant 9)
3.2.3. Limited Availability
“Yes, we were not able to add tomatoes to the food as the pandemic has made it hard for the vendors to transport them together with other commodities… because of various restrictions”(Participant 6)
“We are forced to take whatever is available as the pandemic has changed life”(Participant 2)
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Nutrient||Median (Range)||N Inadequate Intake|
|Calcium (mg)||506.7 (266.1–1090.4)||10|
|Iron (mg)||11.2 (5.7–30.4)||1|
|Magnesium (mg)||274.0 (128.8–420.6)||0|
|Zinc (mg)||6.9 (4.2–9.9)||2|
|Selenium (mcg)||24.9 (9.9–35.6)||0|
|Vitamin A Retinol Equivalents (mcg)||246.1 (134.6–464.7)||6|
|Thiamin (mg)||0.7 (0.3–2.3)||5|
|Riboflavin (mg)||1.3 (0.6–2.1)||2|
|Niacin (mg)||7.8 (4.3–17.9)||9|
|Folate (mcg)||331.4 (171.2–573.7)||3|
|Vitamin B12 (mcg)||2.1 (0.9–5.7)||2|
|Vitamin C (mg)||55.1 (17.1–105.2)||5|
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Jarman, M.; Zeidler, H.; Shapiro, L.; Clarke, R.; Mooya, H.; Simatende, B.; Matthews, D.; Koteng, G.; Wadende, P.; Farrow, C. Qualitative Accounts of School-Aged Children’s Diets during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Rural, Central, Kenya. Nutrients 2021, 13, 3543. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103543
Jarman M, Zeidler H, Shapiro L, Clarke R, Mooya H, Simatende B, Matthews D, Koteng G, Wadende P, Farrow C. Qualitative Accounts of School-Aged Children’s Diets during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Rural, Central, Kenya. Nutrients. 2021; 13(10):3543. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103543Chicago/Turabian Style
Jarman, Megan, Henriette Zeidler, Laura Shapiro, Rebecca Clarke, Haatembo Mooya, Barnabas Simatende, Danielle Matthews, Grace Koteng, Pamela Wadende, and Claire Farrow. 2021. "Qualitative Accounts of School-Aged Children’s Diets during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Rural, Central, Kenya" Nutrients 13, no. 10: 3543. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103543