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Article

The Mediterranean Diet Benefit on Cardiovascular Hemodynamics and Erectile Function in Chronic Heart Failure Male Patients by Decoding Central and Peripheral Vessel Rheology

First Cardiology Clinic, Hippokration Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Athens, 11527 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Nutrients 2021, 13(1), 108; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010108
Received: 11 November 2020 / Revised: 20 December 2020 / Accepted: 27 December 2020 / Published: 30 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Clinical Nutrition)
Background: Mediterranean diet was evaluated on erectile performance and cardiovascular hemodynamics, in chronic heart failure patients. Methods: 150 male stable heart failure patients were enrolled in the study (62 ± 10 years, New York Heart Association (NYHA) classes I–II, ejection fraction ≤40%). A detailed echocardiographic evaluation including estimation of the global longitudinal strain of the left ventricle and the systolic tissue doppler velocity of the tricuspid annulus was performed. Erectile dysfunction severity was assessed by the Sexual Health Inventory for Men-5 (SHIM-5) score. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was evaluated by the MedDietScore. Results: The SHIM-5 score was positively correlated with the MedDietScore (p = 0.006) and augmentation index (p = 0.031) and inversely correlated with age (p = 0.002). MedDietScore was negatively associated with intima-media-thickness (p < 0.001) and serum prolactin levels (p = 0.05). Multi-adjusted analysis revealed that the inverse relation of SHIM-5 and prolactin levels remained significant only among patients with low adherence to the Mediterranean diet (p = 0.012). Conclusion: Consumption of Mediterranean diet benefits cardiovascular hemodynamics, while suppressing serum prolactin levels. Such physiology may enhance erectile ability independently of the of the left ventricle ejection fraction. View Full-Text
Keywords: mediterranean diet; prolactin; chronic heart failure; erectile function mediterranean diet; prolactin; chronic heart failure; erectile function
MDPI and ACS Style

Angelis, A.; Chrysohoou, C.; Tzorovili, E.; Laina, A.; Xydis, P.; Terzis, I.; Ioakeimidis, N.; Aznaouridis, K.; Vlachopoulos, C.; Tsioufis, K. The Mediterranean Diet Benefit on Cardiovascular Hemodynamics and Erectile Function in Chronic Heart Failure Male Patients by Decoding Central and Peripheral Vessel Rheology. Nutrients 2021, 13, 108. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010108

AMA Style

Angelis A, Chrysohoou C, Tzorovili E, Laina A, Xydis P, Terzis I, Ioakeimidis N, Aznaouridis K, Vlachopoulos C, Tsioufis K. The Mediterranean Diet Benefit on Cardiovascular Hemodynamics and Erectile Function in Chronic Heart Failure Male Patients by Decoding Central and Peripheral Vessel Rheology. Nutrients. 2021; 13(1):108. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010108

Chicago/Turabian Style

Angelis, Athanasios, Christina Chrysohoou, Evangelia Tzorovili, Aggeliki Laina, Panagiotis Xydis, Ioannis Terzis, Nikos Ioakeimidis, Konstantinos Aznaouridis, Charalambos Vlachopoulos, and Konstantinos Tsioufis. 2021. "The Mediterranean Diet Benefit on Cardiovascular Hemodynamics and Erectile Function in Chronic Heart Failure Male Patients by Decoding Central and Peripheral Vessel Rheology" Nutrients 13, no. 1: 108. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010108

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