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Review

Extended Reality Technologies in Nutrition Education and Behavior: Comprehensive Scoping Review and Future Directions

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Department of Nutrition, School of Health and Human Sciences, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27412, USA
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Department of Food, Bioprocessing and Nutrition Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
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Departments of Nutritional Sciences and Population Health, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
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Imperial County Cooperative Extension, University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources, Holtville, CA 92250, USA
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Center for Obesity Research and Education, College of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA
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Department of Peace and Conflict Studies, School of Health and Human Sciences, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27412, USA
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Department of Nutrition Science, College of Allied Health Sciences, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
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College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(9), 2899; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092899
Received: 21 August 2020 / Revised: 17 September 2020 / Accepted: 17 September 2020 / Published: 22 September 2020
The use of Extended Reality (XR) (i.e. Virtual and Augmented Reality) for nutrition education and behavior change has not been comprehensively reviewed. This paper presents findings from a scoping review of current published research. Articles (n = 92) were extracted from PubMed and Scopus using a structured search strategy and selection approach. Pertinent study information was extracted using a standardized data collection form. Each article was independently reviewed and coded by two members of the research team, who then met to resolve any coding discrepancies. There is an increasing trend in publication in this area, mostly regarding Virtual Reality. Most studies used developmental testing in a lab setting, employed descriptive or observational methods, and focused on momentary behavior change like food selection rather than education. The growth and diversity of XR studies suggest the potential of this approach. There is a need and opportunity for more XR technology focused on children and other foundational theoretical determinants of behavior change to be addressed within nutrition education. Our findings suggest that XR technology is a burgeoning approach in the field of nutrition, but important gaps remain, including inadequate methodological rigor, community application, and assessment of the impact on dietary behaviors. View Full-Text
Keywords: extended reality; virtual reality; augmented realty; mixed reality; nutrition education; nutrition behavior; digital technology; scoping review extended reality; virtual reality; augmented realty; mixed reality; nutrition education; nutrition behavior; digital technology; scoping review
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MDPI and ACS Style

McGuirt, J.T.; Cooke, N.K.; Burgermaster, M.; Enahora, B.; Huebner, G.; Meng, Y.; Tripicchio, G.; Dyson, O.; Stage, V.C.; Wong, S.S. Extended Reality Technologies in Nutrition Education and Behavior: Comprehensive Scoping Review and Future Directions. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2899. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092899

AMA Style

McGuirt JT, Cooke NK, Burgermaster M, Enahora B, Huebner G, Meng Y, Tripicchio G, Dyson O, Stage VC, Wong SS. Extended Reality Technologies in Nutrition Education and Behavior: Comprehensive Scoping Review and Future Directions. Nutrients. 2020; 12(9):2899. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092899

Chicago/Turabian Style

McGuirt, Jared T., Natalie K. Cooke, Marissa Burgermaster, Basheerah Enahora, Grace Huebner, Yu Meng, Gina Tripicchio, Omari Dyson, Virginia C. Stage, and Siew Sun Wong. 2020. "Extended Reality Technologies in Nutrition Education and Behavior: Comprehensive Scoping Review and Future Directions" Nutrients 12, no. 9: 2899. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092899

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