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Open AccessArticle

A National e-Health Program for the Prevention and Management of Overweight and Obesity in Childhood and Adolescence in Greece

1
Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, First Department of Pediatrics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Medical School, “Aghia Sophia” Children’s Hospital, 11527 Athens, Greece
2
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Center of Clinical, Experimental Surgery and Translational Research, Biomedical Research Foundation of the Academy of Athens, 11527 Athens, Greece
3
Department of Dietetics, Nutrition and Sport, School of Allied Health, Human Services and Sport, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC 3086, Australia
4
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University of Athens, Kallithea, 17671 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(9), 2858; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092858
Received: 16 July 2020 / Revised: 14 September 2020 / Accepted: 15 September 2020 / Published: 18 September 2020
Obesity in childhood and adolescence represents one of the most challenging public health problems of the 21st century owing to its epidemic proportions worldwide and the associated significant morbidity, mortality and public health costs. In Greece, the prevalence of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence exceeds 30–35%. To address the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents in our country, we developed the ‘National e-Health Program for the Prevention and Management of Overweight and Obesity in Childhood and Adolescence’, which provides specific and detailed guidance to all primary health care physicians about the personalized management of children and adolescents with overweight or obesity. In the present study we evaluated 2400 children and adolescents [mean age ± SEM: 10.10 ± 0.09 years.; Males: 1088, Females: 1312; Obesity (n = 1370, 57.1%), Overweight (n = 674, 28.1%), normal BMI (n = 356, 14.8%)], who followed the personalized multi-disciplinary management plan specified by the ‘National e-Health Program for the Prevention and Management of Overweight and Obesity in Childhood and Adolescence’, and were studied prospectively for 1 year. We demonstrated that at the end of the first year, the prevalence of obesity decreased by 32.1%, the prevalence of overweight decreased by 26.7%, and the cardiometabolic risk factors improved significantly. These findings indicate that our National e-Health Program is effective at reducing the prevalence of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence after one year of intervention in the largest sample size reported to date. View Full-Text
Keywords: overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence; national e-health program; cardiometabolic risk factors overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence; national e-health program; cardiometabolic risk factors
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Tragomalou, A.; Moschonis, G.; Kassari, P.; Papageorgiou, I.; Genitsaridi, S.-M.; Karampatsou, S.; Manios, Y.; Charmandari, E. A National e-Health Program for the Prevention and Management of Overweight and Obesity in Childhood and Adolescence in Greece. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2858.

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