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Review

Mediterranean Diet Effects on Type 2 Diabetes Prevention, Disease Progression, and Related Mechanisms. A Review

1
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
2
Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria (ibs.GRANADA), 18071 Granada, Spain
3
Cardiovascular Risk and Nutrition Research Group, Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute [IMIM], 08003 Barcelona, Spain
4
Consorcio CIBER, M.P. Fisiopatologia de la Obesidad y Nutrición [CIBERObn], Instituto de Salud Carlos III [ISCIII], 28029 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(8), 2236; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082236
Received: 10 June 2020 / Revised: 21 July 2020 / Accepted: 23 July 2020 / Published: 27 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diet Quality and Human Health)
The search for a quality diet has grown over the past decade. Diet is considered one of the pillars for the prevention and progression of several diseases, among them: diabetes. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is an epidemic of western countries that increases the vulnerability of other diseases, such as cardiovascular and cancer. T2D is associated with lifestyle and diet. The traditional Mediterranean diet has proven its benefits over several cardiovascular risk factors, and specifically on diabetes. This review compiles recent published evidence on the effects of the Mediterranean diet on the incidence and progression of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and its relation with several other cardiovascular healthy diets. We will also focus on how the Mediterranean diet could play a role in T2D-related mechanisms, such as anti-inflammatory or antioxidant compounds, glucagon-like peptide agonist compounds, and changes in gut microbiota. Each component of the Mediterranean diet could be involved in processes related to diabetes homeostasis, many of them sharing common physio-pathological pathways. The importance of this diet within the set of habits of a healthy lifestyle must be emphasized. View Full-Text
Keywords: quality diet; primary prevention; diabetes; Mediterranean; mechanisms quality diet; primary prevention; diabetes; Mediterranean; mechanisms
MDPI and ACS Style

Martín-Peláez, S.; Fito, M.; Castaner, O. Mediterranean Diet Effects on Type 2 Diabetes Prevention, Disease Progression, and Related Mechanisms. A Review. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2236. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082236

AMA Style

Martín-Peláez S, Fito M, Castaner O. Mediterranean Diet Effects on Type 2 Diabetes Prevention, Disease Progression, and Related Mechanisms. A Review. Nutrients. 2020; 12(8):2236. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082236

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martín-Peláez, Sandra, Montse Fito, and Olga Castaner. 2020. "Mediterranean Diet Effects on Type 2 Diabetes Prevention, Disease Progression, and Related Mechanisms. A Review" Nutrients 12, no. 8: 2236. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082236

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